Coordinated, comprehensive, cutting-edge endometrial cancer care, from diagnosis through survivorship.
Endometrial cancer begins in the lining of the uterus. It is the most common cancer of the female reproductive system. When detected early, it is very treatable—in fact, the five year survival rate for women with early stage cancer is 95% (American Cancer Society).
At Middlesex Health, our approach to treating endometrial cancer is multidisciplinary. Your team of healthcare providers will meet regularly to plan and discuss your treatment. This helps us ensure that we are meeting your unique physical, emotional, and spiritual needs.
Our online Learning Center has up-to-date, evidence-based information about numerous topics related to endometrial cancer, including diagnostic tests, treatment options, management of treatment side effects, and more.
These resources are not a substitute for the guidance of your physician but can help you learn more about endometrial cancer and what to expect during treatment. All content is provided courtesy of the Mayo Clinic Health Library.
Symptoms of cervical cancer may include:
- post-menopausal bleeding
- abnormal vaginal bleeding
- abdominal pain
If you are having any of these symptoms, it is important to speak to your physician.
Early detection of cancer can be key to successful treatment, so it is important to understand what increases your risk of endometrial cancer. Risk factors can include:
- having obesity
- long term use of estrogen therapy
- nulliparity (never having given birth)
- post-menopausal age
There are several different types of tests for endometrial cancer.
- Pelvic Exam: A physical examination of the external and internal female pelvic organs.
- Hysteroscopy: A thin tube with a light is inserted into the vagina to examine the cervix and inside of the uterus.
- Pelvic Ultrasound: A scan of the organs and structures of the pelvis. There are two types of ultrasound:
- transabdominal: a "wand" with gel is placed on the outside of the abdomen (belly area)
- transvaginal: a "wand" covered with a plastic or latex sheet and gel is placed into the vagina
- CT Scan: The combination of a series of x-rays to create detailed images of the inside of your abdomen and pelvis.
- Biopsy: A small amount of tissue is removed from the uterus/endometrium. The doctor will then examine the tissue to check for abnormal and cancerous cells.
- PET Scan: A scan of the entire body to determine if cancer has spread elsewhere in your body. PET scans can sometimes detect disease before it shows up on other imaging tests.
The evidence-based treatment plan your doctors choose is based on a number of factors: type of cancer, grade and stage of the cancer, your overall health, and your treatment preferences.
Surgery is used to remove cancerous tissue from the body.
Your surgeon will determine which approach is most appropriate, depending on the exact type and stage of your cancer. The typical surgical options include:
- traditional open surgery
- minimally-invasive laparoscopic surgery, which involves the use of small cameras and thin instruments for smaller incisions and quicker recovery time.
- minimally-invasive da Vinci® Robot-Assisted surgery
Chemotherapy for gynecologic cancers involves the use of medications to shrink or kill cancerous cells. These medications may be taken intravenously (IV) or as pills.
The board-certified medical oncologists, nurses, and technicians at Connecticut Oncology Group provide the most effective, advanced care with warm, personal attention and support for patients and their families. Your medical oncology team will work closely with your other providers and help provide access to clinical trials.
Radiation oncology is the highly-controlled use of radiation to cure or treat symptoms of your cancer.