Surgical oncology - or cancer surgery - can be used for diagnosing or treating breast cancer. There are several different types of procedures:
- Biopsy: Removing a small sample of breast tissue to use for diagnosis
- Lumpectomy: Removing areas of abnormal or cancerous tissue while preserving healthy tissue (breast conserving surgery)
- Mastectomy: Removing all of the tissue of the right, left, or both breasts to treat or prevent cancer
Surgery may be used in combination with radiation or chemotherapy, or it may not be used at all. Your physician will discuss which procedures are right for you, depending on your risk factors or the type and stage of your cancer.
Reconstructive Breast Surgery
Reconstructive surgery can enhance your physical and emotional healing after surgery, helping restore your sense of well-being and femininity. Whether your treatment requires full mastectomy or lumpectomy, there are a range of options, including traditional breast implants and oncoplastic surgery.
Oncoplastic surgery is the combination of cancer and reconstructive surgeries into a single procedure. During this one-time surgery, cancerous tissue is removed and the remaining tissue is sculpted to create a natural appearance. Your surgeon may also reshape your healthy breast to ensure your breasts are symmetrical.
Oncoplastic surgery is performed before any radiation treatments; this helps you avoid wound healing complications that can occur after radiation.