Sexual dysfunction can have an impact on you and your relationships. Fortunately, there are many effective treatment options.
Sexual dysfunction encompasses a range of issues, including low libido, erectile dysfunction, pain during intercourse, chronic prostatitis, or challenges experiencing sexual pleasure. These complications can arise due to various physical, mental, and emotional factors. It is very common to experience sexual dysfunction at some point in your life.
At the Center for Continence and Pelvic Health, we know these issues can be hard to discuss. We approach your concerns with sensitivity, compassion, and discretion, and our experts work with you to build the right treatment plan for you.
What is dyspareunia?
Dyspareunia is the medical term for painful sexual intercourse. This pain may:
- Be sharp, aching, or both
- Occur just at the beginning of intercourse or last for hours after having sex
Some people also experience pain with non-sexual penetration, such as putting in a tampon.
Why should I see a dotor if I experience pain during sex?
Dyspareunia is a medical condition with many different causes. Painful intercourse may happen because of physical conditions, such as dryness, inflammation, or endometriosis. It can also be related to emotional factors and can impact intimate relationships.
You and your medical provider will work together to understand the possible causes of your pain, and your doctor can recommend certain tests if they suspect your pain is related to a physical condition. Your provider can then recommend a plan to address and improve your symptoms.
What are the treatment options for dyspareunia?
There are a number of different ways to address pain during sex, including:
- Lifestyle changes
- The support of your partner and alternatives to penetrative sex
- Medical treatments
- Physical rehabilitation (evaluation, exercises)
What is vulvodynia?
Vulvodynia occurs when there is chronic pain at the vulva, either constantly or when direct pressure is applied (provoked vulvodynia). The vulva is the name for the tissue around the opening to the vagina.
Vulvodynia can occur for many different reasons and at different times. These can include:
- Sexual intercourse
- Insertion of a tampon
- Prolonged sitting
- Wearing fitted pants
Can vulvodynia be treated?
Yes! There are different treatments for vulvodynia, and you and your doctor will work together to determine the right approach for you. The treatment chosen will depend on your symptoms, the specific location of your pain, and your preference
Options may include:
- Topical or oral medications
- Pelvic floor muscle therapy with biofeedback
- Integrative medicine modalities
What is Erectile Dysfunction?
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a condition in which you are unable to have or keep an erection. You may also feel less sexual desire. Intermittent difficulty with erections is common, but if you have these symptoms regularly, you may have ED.
At the Center for Continence and Pelvic Health, we understand that ED can be tough to talk about. However, it is a real medical condition with many different causes, and there are many ways that your doctor can help. Ask your provider about your concerns, even if you feel embarrassed or hesitant.
What are the risk factors for Erectile Dysfunction?
You may experience ED for many physical, mental, or emotional reasons. Hormones, nerves, blood vessels, stress levels, and many other factors play a role in sexual arousal. An issue with any of these things can be enough to influence your erections.
You may be at higher risk for ED if you have:
- Depression and anxiety
- Heart disease and/or high blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- High levels of stress
- Issues in your relationship
- Prostate issues
What are the treatment options for erectile dysfunction?
There are many different ways to improve the symptoms of ED. You and your doctor will work together to determine the best approach for you.
Treatment options may include:
- Healthy lifestyle
- Medical/surgical intervention, such as penile pumps
- Behavioral and mental health care
- Relationship care
- Physical rehabilitation
What is low libido?
Low libido is a reduction or loss of sexual desire and interest in sex.
Men often experience low libido because their testosterone levels have dropped. Testosterone is the hormone that is mainly responsible for a man's sex drive, and it also influences sperm production, muscle mass, body hair, bone health, and even mood.
Depression or anxiety, stress, relationship concerns, and certain medications can also decrease sexual desire.
Are there treatment options for low libido?
Yes, there are different ways to treat low libido and improve sex drive. You and your doctor will work together to determine the cause of your low sexual desire and the best treatment options.
Treatment may include lifestyle changes, medication changes, relationship care, and more. In some cases, treatment may involve hormone therapy to increase your testosterone levels. However, this may not be the right approach for everyone, and it is important to talk to your healthcare provider before beginning any hormone supplement or other medication.
What is an ejaculation condition or disorder?
There can be a number of different issues around ejaculation during sexual activity. It is common to have these problems from time to time. However, if you experience one of the following regularly, you may have a medical condition that can be treated.
Ejaculation disorders include:
- Premature ejaculation, or ejaculation that occurs very quickly after beginning sexual intercourse
- Delayed ejaculation, or only being able to ejaculate after extended stimulation/intercourse
- Painful ejaculation
Are there treatment options for ejaculation conditions?
Yes, there are different ways that your healthcare providers can help with ejaculation concerns. You and your doctor will work together to determine the cause of your problems. The underlying factors will help your doctor identify the best treatment for you.