Tests & Procedures
Find out what to expect during a 3D mammogram to look for breast cancer. Learn how this newer test compares to a standard mammogram.
Learn more about the preparation for and results of this common diabetes blood test.
An antinuclear antibody (ANA) test is one test used to help determine if you have an autoimmune disease such as lupus.
Learn who may benefit from this cardiac catheter procedure to correct persistent atrial fibrillation, or A-fib.
Learn why surgery to remove the uterus, known as a hysterectomy, might be done and what to expect if you need this surgery.
An ultrasound of the abdomen is the preferred test to screen for an aortic aneurysm. But it may be done for other health reasons, too. Learn why.
Learn about why doctors may recommend active surveillance for prostate cancer and what to expect.
Practitioners use this integrative medicine technique to treat common problems such as back pain, neck pain and joint pain to influence energy flow.
Learn what to expect from this surgery that involves removing an adrenal gland.
Allergy shots (immunotherapy) offer long-term relief from allergy symptoms. However, the treatment takes as long as three to five years to be effective.
Considering skin testing for your allergies? Learn about the risks, results and what to expect during testing.
Learn about this type of bone marrow transplant using stem cells from donor blood, bone marrow or umbilical cord blood.
Find out about this prenatal test that checks the fluid surrounding the baby during pregnancy.
Anger management is learning to recognize signs that you're becoming angry, and taking action to calm down and deal with the situation in a productive way.
If you have a leaky heart valve, this procedure to repair a ring around the valve may be recommended. Learn when and how it's done.
Learn more about this complex heart surgery done where the body's main artery, known as the aorta, meets the heart.
Find out how valve repair and replacement can treat aortic valve stenosis, aortic valve regurgitation and congenital heart disease.
Know what to expect during an arm lift and the possible risks.
Learn more about this procedure that uses a slim fiber-optic camera to diagnose and treat joint problems.
Learn how hot or cold energy can treat irregular and chaotic heartbeats, also known as atrial fibrillation (A-fib).
Learn how heart specialists use this type of cardiac ablation to treat atrial flutter.
Learn more about what an auditory brainstem implant is, how it works and how it may be right for you.
This type of bone marrow transplant uses your own blood stem cells to treat blood disorders and cancers.
Awake brain surgery is performed while you are awake and alert. This type of brain surgery may be used to treat some brain tumors or epileptic seizures.
Find out what to expect if you're considering a blood test to determine if you have an increased risk of breast cancer. Learn what your results might mean.
Bariatric surgery can be a helpful weight loss tool — but it's not for everyone. Learn about available procedures and the risks and results of surgery.
Find out how to prepare and what to expect if your doctor has recommended a barium enema.
Learn the steps for tracking body temperature for pregnancy or contraception. Find out when during your menstrual cycle you're more likely to be fertile.
Learn about a two-part weight-loss procedure that involves making the stomach smaller and reconnecting parts of the small intestine
Find out what to expect from a bilirubin test — an important blood test that determines how your liver is functioning.
This technique teaches you to control your body's functions, such as your heart rate and breathing patterns. It can be helpful for a variety of health problems.
Learn how to use this type of birth control that delivers estrogen and progestin through a patch you wear on your skin to prevent pregnancy.
Learn about innovative approaches to surgically remove the bladder and reconstruct an alternate urinary system.
Learn what's involved and the risks, as well as what kind of results you can expect from this eyelid surgery.
Find out what to expect during blood donation and how your blood will be used to help others.
Learn how this simple test is done, how often you need one and what the results mean.
A blood transfusion can help replace blood lost due to surgery or injury. It also can help if an illness prevents your body from making blood correctly.
Learn about the blood urea nitrogen (BUN) test to assess kidney function and what possible results could mean.
If your doctor suspects you have osteoporosis, a bone density test can assess your bone strength. Learn about the risks and results of this procedure.
Learn what to expect with these tests, which are done to make sure your bone marrow is healthy.
Learn about this procedure that replaces unhealthy bone marrow with stem cells. Your own cells, donor cells or cells from umbilical cord blood may be used.
This diagnostic test can be used to check for cancer that has spread to the bones, unexplained skeletal pain, bone infection or a bone injury.
Learn about the uses, risks and results of this treatment for facial wrinkles and medical conditions, such as migraine and heavy sweating.
During brachytherapy cancer treatment, radioactive material is placed inside the body. Find out how brachytherapy is done and who it's for.
This procedure delivers precise radiation therapy to treat brain tumors and other brain abnormalities.
Learn more about breast MRI, including how this imaging test helps to diagnose cancer and when you might need one.
Find out about surgery to increase breast size, as well as the risks, benefits, possible complications and follow-up care.
Learn about this test that's used to diagnose breast cancer, including why it's done, risks and what to expect.
Learn about the services available to help you feel better during and after breast cancer treatment.
Learn about the types of operations used to treat breast cancer, including lumpectomy, mastectomy, lymph node surgery and breast reconstruction.
Learn more about this procedure that reshapes and raises the breasts.
Find out what to expect if you're considering breast reconstruction. Learn about the options, incuding TRAM, DIEP and latissimus dorsi flap procedures.
Find out what to expect if you're considering breast reconstruction with breast implants after mastectomy. Includes pre-pectoral implant placement.
Find out more about this surgery to remove fat, breast tissue and skin from the breasts.
Being aware of the normal consistency of your breasts may make it more likely that you'll notice any changes that could be signs of breast cancer.
A doctor inserts a small, flexible tube through your mouth or nose into your lungs to look at your air passages and find the cause of a lung problem.
Learn about this surgery that can raise sagging brows and reduce wrinkles on the forehead. Also understand the possible risks of the procedure.
Find out how this surgery can change your appearance. Also learn about the possible risks of the procedure.
This simple blood test measures inflammation in the body. The results help diagnose infection and, sometimes, predict the risk of heart attack.
Learn the reasons this surgical procedure to deliver a baby is done, the risks and tips for recovery.
Learn how doctors use this blood test to measure levels of a tumor marker associated with ovarian cancer, fallopian tube cancer and other types of cancer.
Learn how COVID-19 antibody testing is done to find out if you've had a past infection with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019.
Find out how COVID-19 diagnostic testing is done to learn if you're currently infected with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019.
Learn about the risks and results of this imaging test that looks at the arteries that supply blood to your heart.
This imaging test helps detect internal injuries and disease by providing cross-sectional images of bones, blood vessels and soft tissues inside your body.
Here's what to expect from the canalith repositioning procedure, a series of simple, effective maneuvers to help relieve a certain type of vertigo.
Cancer treatments, including surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy, are often combined to cure or control various cancers.
Capsule endoscopy involves swallowing a tiny capsule with a camera inside to get a view of the inside of your digestive tract. Find out what to expect.
Hot or cold energy applied to the heart can correct rapid or erratic heartbeats (arrhythmias). Know when you might need this treatment and the risks.
Find out more about this minimally invasive procedure that can diagnose and treat heart problems, including what's involved in the test and the risks.
Learn more about this personalized program to improve heart health through exercise, education and support.
A treatment for heart failure, this procedure uses a pacemaker or a pacemaker with a defibrillator.
Learn what to expect during this procedure to reset the heart's rhythm.
This procedure opens a clogged artery to restore blood flow to the brain — and saves you from a stroke.
This procedure removes plaque buildup in the carotid artery to help reduce your risk of stroke.
This test examines the blood flow through the arteries in the neck that deliver blood from the heart to the brain.
Cataract surgery — Overview covers risks, complications, results of this eye surgery.
Normal vaginal discharge can give you clues about your fertility. Learn how to track changes in cervical mucus to predict when you may be more likely to get pregnant.
Learn about your options and what to expect with this skin-resurfacing procedure that removes layers of your skin with a chemical solution.
Chemotherapy drugs are used to treat many types of cancer. Learn why it's done, side effects and what to expect during chemotherapy treatment.
Learn how doctors use this drug treatment to kill rapidly growing breast cancer cells. Find out about chemotherapy side effects and what you can expect.
Learn what these chest images can show your doctor and what conditions they may uncover.
Chiropractors apply a controlled, sudden force to individual spinal joints to improve mobility and relieve discomfort.
Does your gallbladder need to come out? Find out what happens during a cholecystectomy — a common surgical procedure to remove your gallbladder.
Measuring the amount of cholesterol and triglycerides in your blood can help predict your risk of blocked arteries in your heart and brain.
Find out about this prenatal test that can uncover chromosomal and other genetic conditions early in pregnancy.
Circumcision — the surgical removal of the skin covering the tip of the penis — can be a religious ritual, a family tradition or a matter of personal hygiene.
A cochlear implant is an electronic device that improves hearing in people who have severe hearing loss due to damage of the inner ear.
Becoming aware of inaccurate or negative thinking can help you view challenging situations more clearly and respond to them in a more effective way.
If you're having colon surgery, learn what to expect, the risks and how to prepare.
Colonoscopy is one option for colon cancer screening. Find out what to expect during this procedure to examine the inside of your colon.
Find out why colposcopy is done and what to expect during an exam to diagnose cancer and other problems affecting the cervix, vagina and vulva.
This oral contraceptive contains both estrogen and progestin to keep you from ovulating. These medicines prevent pregnancy and can have other benefits.
Learn what to expect from having this common blood test, why it's done and how to prepare.
Learn more about this imaging exam used to diagnose urinary tract disorders.
These tests help measure brain function after head trauma and help athletes at risk for head injuries.
Learn about the benefits, risks and effectiveness of this type of long-acting, reversible birth control.
Learn about this birth control option that prevents pregnancy by blocking sperm from entering the uterus.
Convalescent plasma therapy uses blood from people who've recovered from an illness to help others recover. It's being tried as a treatment for COVID-19.
A copper intrauterine device offers a hormone-free option for long-acting, reversible birth control.
Find out how this prenatal test uses umbilical cord blood to check for genetic disorders and infections.
This procedure uses donor tissue to restore vision and reduce pain from cornea disease. Our overview helps you understand the risks and benefits of this sight-saving operation.
Learn more about this heart disease test that uses X-ray imaging to see your heart’s blood vessels.
Coronary angioplasty and stents can open clogged arteries and improve blood flow to the heart.
This major heart surgery, also called CABG, creates a new route for blood to flow around a blocked artery. Learn why it's done and know the steps to take during recovery.
These shots can help relieve pain and inflammation. Potential side effects generally limit the number of cortisone shots you can receive in one year.
Cosmetic surgery's goal is to improve your appearance. Cosmetic surgery can involve dramatic changes, so it's important to understand what it involves.
Creatinine test — Overview covers definition, preparation, results of this common blood test.
Find out how very cold temperatures are used to freeze tissue and treat prostate cancer. Learn about the side effects and potential benefits of cryotherapy.
During cystoscopy, your doctor examines the inside of your bladder using a special instrument that's inserted into the bladder through the urethra.
CYP450 tests may help determine how your body metabolizes an antidepressant based on how genes affect your body's response to medication.
Deceased-donor kidney transplant — Find out more about this treatment for end-stage kidney disease and what to expect.
Learn more about how electrical stimulation of the brain can be used to treat a variety of conditions, including epilepsy and Parkinson's disease.
Wire-based appliances or clear aligners that orthodontists use to correct crowded and crooked teeth or a misaligned jaw (an overbite or an underbite).
Regular dental exams, which include teeth cleaning and evaluation for risk of problems, help protect your oral health.
A procedure that replaces tooth roots with metal, screwlike posts, which are topped with artificial teeth, giving you the look and function of real teeth.
Depo-Provera, a contraceptive injection that's given every three months, contains the hormone progestin to help protect from unintended pregnancy.
Find out how this skin-resurfacing procedure can change the appearance of your skin.
Learn what to expect during this procedure, how providers perform it to remove uterine tissue and what to watch out for during recovery.
This imaging test helps determine if an abnormal disk in your spine is causing your back pain.
This surgical procedure removes the damaged portion of a herniated disk in the spine. It's most effective for pain radiating down the arms or legs.
In this surgical procedure, a healthy kidney is removed from a living donor for transplant into a person whose kidneys no longer function properly.
Brain cells communicate via electrical impulses, activity an EEG detects. An altered pattern can indicate conditions such as epilepsy.
An electrophysiology study can show the cause of irregular heart rhythms and guide treatment. Know when it's done and the risks.
Learn about this cosmetic procedure, which is done to rebuild an ear. Understand the risks and learn what to expect after surgery.
Learn about the procedure for placing ear tubes used to treat middle ear problems.
Find out more about this imaging test that uses sound waves to view the heart and heart valves.
This common, painless test can detect heart attacks and heart rhythm problems. Know when and why an ECG is done.
ECT can provide rapid, significant improvements in people who have severe symptoms of depression, mania, catatonia or other mental health disorders.
Electromyography (EMG) is a procedure used to diagnose muscle or nerve dysfunction. Learn what to expect from your EMG.
This surgery that destroys the lining of the uterus treats unusual uterine bleeding. Learn about the risks and what to expect during the procedure.
Endoscopic mucosal resection, a procedure to remove abnormal tissue from the lining of the digestive tract, is used for both diagnosis and treatment.
Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty is a weight-loss procedure done using a flexible tube passed down through the throat — with no external incision.
Learn more about this minimally invasive imaging test combining endoscopy and ultrasound to diagnosis digestive and lung diseases.
Surgery may provide relief from epileptic seizures when medications aren't working.
This test involves placing a thin, pressure-sensitive tube through your nose into your esophagus to measure pressure as you swallow.
Esophagectomy is a procedure that involves removing the tube between your mouth and stomach. Find out what to expect.
Learn about the risks and results of this procedure, which is used to deliver radiation therapy for prostate cancer.
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) helps your heart and lungs function while you recover from serious illness or injury.
Learn about this complex surgery that uses donor tissue to replace all or part of a person's face.
This cosmetic surgery can give your face a younger shape and look. Understand the risks and benefits of this procedure.
Learn about the procedures that can change facial features to better match gender identity.
Find out more about facial injections, also called soft tissue fillers, that can temporarily smooth wrinkles.
Family therapy is a type of psychological counseling that can help family members improve communication and resolve conflicts.
Learn how doctors use fecal occult blood tests (FOBT), such as the fecal immunochemical test (FIT), to screen for colon cancer.
Find out more about feminizing hormonal treatment used to better align the body with a person's gender identity.
Find out how feminizing surgical procedures can help better align the body with a person's gender identity.
Ferritin is a blood protein that contains iron. A ferritin test shows whether your blood has too much or too little iron.
Understand how this prenatal test can be used to rule out preterm labor.
This procedure is done on an unborn baby (fetus) in the mother's uterus to improve outcomes of children with certain birth defects, such as spina bifida.
Fetal ultrasound images can help your doctor evaluate how your pregnancy is progressing.
Find out about this prenatal test that offers early information about your baby's risk of certain chromosomal conditions.
Learn about this alternative to colonoscopy to screen for and detect polyps or cancer in the lower part of the colon.
Learn more about what you can expect during this uterine fibroid treatment, along with the possible risks and results.
Gastric bypass is a type of weight-loss surgery that reduces your stomach to the size of a walnut. Learn about its risks and benefits.
Gene therapy replaces a faulty gene or adds a new gene in an attempt to cure disease or improve your body's ability to fight disease.
This sleep-like state during surgery allows you to undergo major medical procedures without feeling pain.
Genetic testing: Learn why it's done, how to prepare and what to expect from diagnostic tests, carrier tests, prenatal tests and newborn screening.
These simple blood tests are performed to screen for diabetes. Your doctor may recommend one or many of these tests depending on your risk factors.
Find out what to expect during a HIDA scan — a nuclear imaging procedure used to diagnose liver, gallbladder and bile duct problems.
The HPV test can help identify your risk of cervical cancer. Learn more about how to prepare and what your results may mean.
Find out what's involved in this surgery in which someone with an amputation receives one or two hands from a donor.
Learn more about this test that can reveal calcium deposits in your blood vessels and know how the findings relate to your heart disease risk.
Replacing a failing heart with a donor heart is an end-stage treatment for heart disease when other treatments for heart problems haven't worked.
Learn more about surgery to treat heart valve disease, which involves repairing or replacing affected heart valves.
Hematocrit test — Comprehensive overview covers results, what to expect from this red blood cell blood test.
Learn about hemodialysis and the risks and benefits of this procedure to treat kidney failure.
Hemoglobin test — Overview covers definition, preparation, results of this blood test.
Hip replacement may be an option if your hip pain interferes with daily activities and nonsurgical treatments haven't helped.
This wearable device keeps track of the heart's rhythm during daily activities. Learn when you might need one and what to expect.
Learn how Mayo Clinic specialists help you maintain your feeding tube at home.
Learn about home parenteral nutrition treatment at Mayo Clinic and the situations in which this specialized form of food infused through a vein is used.
A progestin-containing intrauterine device — or hormonal IUD — provides long-acting, reversible birth control.
Find out how hormone therapy is used to treat breast cancer. Learn about risks and what to expect during this treatment for ER and PR positive breast cancers.
Find out what to expect during hormone therapy for prostate cancer. Learn about your options, including medications and surgery.
This type of therapy is a well-known treatment for decompression sickness, but it has many surprising uses. Find out about why and how oxygen can heal the body.
Find out about this changed state of awareness and the conditions it may help.
Ileoanal anastomosis (J-pouch) surgery removes parts of the large intestine. It's often done to treat bowel conditions that tend to progress to cancer.
Learn how imaging tests are used during radiation therapy to deliver treatment precisely, increasing effectiveness and reducing side effects.
Learn more about this cardiac device that delivers shocks to control dangerous heart rhythms, including who needs an ICD and how it's implanted.
Learn how this implanted device records your heartbeat and know when you might need one.
Learn more about the IVF process and what to expect from this assisted reproductive technology used to treat infertility.
Integrative medicine combines complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) practices with conventional medicine.
An intragastric balloon is a silicone balloon filled with saline. It's inserted into the stomach to create a feeling of fullness and aid in weight loss.
Find out how Mayo Clinic neurosurgeons use intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI) during brain surgery.
Learn more about how this infertility treatment is done and what to expect.
An intravenous pyelogram is an imaging exam that may be used to help diagnose urinary tract disorders. Learn what to expect during the exam.
Jaw surgery corrects irregularities of the jaw bones and realigns the jaws and teeth to improve the way they work and it often improves appearance.
During a kidney biopsy, doctors remove a small piece of kidney tissue to view under a microscope to diagnose kidney problems and guide treatment decisions.
Find out about the different types of kidney transplants — surgeries that are done to treat kidney failure.
Knee braces for osteoarthritis may help reduce pain by shifting your weight off the most damaged portion of your knee.
If you have arthritis damage in just one area of your knee, osteotomy might buy some time before you need total knee replacement.
Knee replacement surgery can relieve pain and restore function to a knee joint that's severely damaged, usually by arthritis.
Learn about this most common type of laser eye surgery to correct vision problems and what to expect before, during and after surgery.
Understand what to expect during this procedure to start labor before it begins on its own.
Removing the rear part of a vertebra (lamina) creates extra space in the spinal canal and can relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerves.
Laryngotracheal reconstruction surgery — Comprehensive overview covers why it's done and what's involved with the procedure.
A larynx or trachea transplant may help people who have severe damage to their throat. It may result in the ability to breathe through the mouth, swallow better and speak.
Laser hair removal uses a concentrated beam of light to reduce unwanted hair long term.
Explore your options and learn what to expect from this treatment to improve the appearance of your facial skin.
Light therapy — Explore light therapy as a treatment for seasonal affective disorder and other conditions.
Learn about this surgery that removes fat and shapes areas of the body. Understand the risks, what to expect and how to prepare.
Examining liver tissue can be a vital step in diagnosing and treating many liver conditions. Find out what to expect from this important procedure.
Liver function tests can help determine how well your liver is doing its job. Find out what to expect and what results are considered normal.
Learn what to expect before and after this important treatment option for patients with liver failure.
Living-donor kidney transplant — Find out more about this alternative to deceased-donor kidney transplant and what to expect.
Learn about this surgery that uses a portion of a liver from a healthy living donor to replace another person's liver that's not working properly.
This surgery uses a living donor's organ, such as a kidney or portion of a liver, to replace another person's organ that no longer works properly.
Learn about lumbar puncture, which removes a sample of cerebrospinal fluid to find infections, bleeding and other problems. It is also called spinal tap.
Learn what to expect from this breast-conserving surgical procedure.
Doctors recommend lung CT scans to look for signs of lung cancer in current and former heavy smokers. Find out what to expect during lung cancer screening.
Learn what's involved in this major surgery that replaces a diseased or failing lung with a healthy lung, and what you can expect after the procedure.
Lung volume reduction surgery is a treatment for severe emphysema. Damaged areas are removed, allowing the lung to function better.
Learn more about how to prepare for this painless diagnostic test that creates detailed pictures of the inside of the body without using radiation.
Magnetic resonance elastography is a newer, noninvasive imaging test used to evaluate the severity of certain liver diseases.
Learn what to expect during a breast X-ray exam. Find out about the benefits of mammograms for breast cancer screening, as well as potential risks.
Marriage counseling can help you and your partner recognize and resolve relationship conflicts. Find out what to expect.
Find out more about masculinizing hormonal treatment used to better align the body with a person's gender identity.
Find out how masculinizing surgical procedures can help better align the body with a person's gender identity.
Learn about this operation to remove one or both breasts for breast cancer treatment or breast cancer prevention. Find out what you can expect.
Find out who may benefit from this procedure to correct a heart rhythm problem.
Learn what to expect when medicine is used to end a pregnancy, including side effects, risks and possible complications.
Learn more about this surgery that uses small incisions in the chest as an alternative to open-heart surgery.
Learn more about laparoscopy or robotic surgical techniques, which may mean less pain and a shorter hospital stay.
This oral contraceptive, sometimes called the minipill, contains only the hormone progestin and no estrogen.
If you have a leaky or stiff mitral valve, you may need heart surgery. Learn about the different procedures used to repair or replace this valve.
Find out what to expect during this skin cancer surgery that involves removing thin layers of skin until only cancer-free tissue remains.
Learn about this breast cancer screening test that's sometimes used in addition to mammograms, especially for those with dense breast tissue.
For women who've had unprotected sex or whose birth control method failed, the morning-after pill can help prevent pregnancy.
This surgical procedure to treat uterine fibroids tries to preserve fertility using a variety of approaches.
Find out how this cosmetic procedure removes excess skin and fat around the jaw line to create a more youthful appearance.
Common needle biopsy procedures include fine-needle aspiration and core needle biopsy.
Learn about bladder reconstruction to restore urinary function after bladder removal surgery, including how it's done and possible complications.
Complete (radical) nephrectomy is surgery to remove all of a kidney. Kidney-sparing surgery (partial nephrectomy) removes part of a kidney.
Nondirected living donor — Find out what becoming a good Samaritan (nondirected) living organ donor means to transplantation.
Understand how this prenatal test uses fetal heart rate monitoring to evaluate your baby's health.
This type of stress test uses a tiny bit of radioactive material to look for changes in blood flow to the heart. Know why it's done and how to prepare.
Oophorectomy — Overview covers what to expect, risks of surgery to remove the ovaries for ovarian cancer, tumors, cysts, abscesses and other conditions.
Learn about the benefits and limitations of tests to detect mouth cancer.
Learn about this cosmetic procedure, which is done to change the appearance of your ears. Understand risks and what results to expect after surgery.
Learn about this prostate cancer screening test, including why it's done, what to expect, risks and results.
Learn more about this cardiac pacing device that's implanted in your chest to help control the heartbeat.
Learn what to expect with this care approach that offers symptom relief for seriously ill people of any age.
Pancreas transplant offers a potential cure for people with serious complications from diabetes. Learn what to expect before and after this procedure.
Pap smear is often recommended for cervical cancer screening. Learn how it's done and what abnormal Pap test results might mean.
This surgery can treat injuries or congenital abnormalities in the neck section of the spine.
Find out what’s involved in a pelvic exam, why it might be needed and how to prepare.
Explore your choices and learn what to expect from penile implant surgery.
Find out how this device can be placed on your penis to create an erection.
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is a procedure for removing large kidney stones. Learn how it's done.
Find out what to expect during and after PICC line insertion. Learn about why it's done and potential PICC line complications.
Learn how this treatment for kidney failure compares to traditional dialysis.
Pillar procedure — Overview covers definition, risks, results of this procedure for obstructive sleep apnea.
Your health care provider may order this test if a sleep disorder such as sleep apnea is suspected. Learn how to prepare and what to expect.
Learn how this imaging scan can play an important role in early detection of health problems, such as cancer, heart disease and brain disorders.
Learn how precision medicine uses genetic testing and drug-gene testing (pharmacogenomics) to diagnose, treat and prevent breast cancer.
Preemptive kidney transplant — Find out more about this alternative to dialysis for treatment of end-stage kidney disease and what to expect.
Find out about this procedure that's used to diagnose prostate cancer. Learn about the risks, how to prepare and what you can expect.
Learn about this type of radiation therapy for prostate cancer that involves placing radioactive seeds or wires in the prostate gland.
Understand what to expect and the risks and results of this procedure to treat enlarged prostate.
Learn about surgical options and advances in prostatectomy, including robotic surgery, as well as the risks involved with each approach.
This simple test measures how quickly your blood clots. Find out why it's done and what to expect.
Learn about this newer form of radiation therapy, used to treat cancer and noncancerous tumors, and how it's different from X-ray radiation.
Also called talk therapy, this is an approach for treating mental health issues by talking with a psychologist, psychiatrist or another mental health provider.
Congenital heart conditions can cause a leaky or blocked pulmonary valve. Learn the benefits and risks of valve repair and replacement.
This type of cardiac ablation uses heat or cold energy to treat atrial fibrillation. Learn how it's done and when you might need the procedure.
What can a quad screen tell you about your baby? Get the facts.
Radiation therapy is a common means of treating many types of cancer. Find out what to expect during your radiation therapy treatment.
Find out why doctors use radiation treat breast cancer. Learn what to expect and the side effects of breast cancer radiation, including proton therapy.
Achy neck, back, knee, shoulder or hip? Radiofrequency neurotomy temporarily quiets nerves that cause pain. Learn more about this targeted treatment for joint pain.
Rectal prolapse surgery is done to repair protrusion of the rectal lining through the anus. Learn about techniques, risks and results.
What's an Rh factor blood test? Understand this important test that's done during pregnancy.
Rheumatoid factor — This blood test can help diagnose autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren's syndrome and lupus.
Learn about the benefits, risks and what to expect during nose surgery.
Want to know the best time of month to conceive or avoid pregnancy? The rhythm method is a natural form of family planning that can help. Learn the steps.
Robotic hysterectomy is a minimally invasive surgery to remove the uterus.
Learn about this minimally invasive procedure to remove uterine fibroids that may reduce pain, blood loss and recovery time.
Robotic systems can help surgeons increase precision, flexibility and control for many procedures. Learn about the advantages and availability of robot-assisted surgery.
SPECT scans use radioactive tracers and special cameras to create images of your internal organs. Find out what to expect during your SPECT.
Discover how cold or heat energy is used to correct fast and erratic heartbeats, such as atrial tachycardia and AV node reentrant tachycardia.
Learn what's involved in this treatment for varicose veins, including the risks and what to expect.
Sed rate is a blood test that can reveal inflammatory activity in your body. It's often used to help diagnose conditions affecting your joints or muscles.
Learn what to expect during this procedure to remove lymph nodes for testing. The results can show whether cancer has spread.
Find out how this nose surgery can straighten the bone and cartilage separating your nostrils. This opens up your nasal passages, making breathing easier.
You can address concerns about sexual function, sexual feelings and intimacy, either in individual therapy or in joint therapy with your partner.
This procedure replaces damaged areas of the shoulder joint with implants made of metal and plastic. It can sometimes be done as same-day surgery.
Learn when this test is helpful in diagnosing or treating skin conditions and what to expect during the procedure.
Learn about sleeve gastrectomy, a type of weight-loss surgery that involves removing part of the stomach to make it smaller.
Learn how to use this type of birth control that prevents pregnancy by killing or immobilizing sperm so that the sperm can't fertilize an egg.
This procedure connects two or more bones in the spine. The bones then can't move, which helps ease neck or back pain.
Learn more about this test that uses a special breathing tube to diagnose breathing problems, including asthma and COPD.
The spleen helps you fight infection, but you can live without it if you have to. Learn about the risks and results of this surgery to remove the spleen.
This type of radiotherapy uses highly targeted radiation beams to treat tumors in all parts of the body.
Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) uses radiation beams to treat tumors in all parts of the body. Learn what to expect before, during and after this incision-free procedure.
Learn about this noninvasive colon cancer screening test that can detect DNA changes in cells collected from a stool sample.
This test gives important information about your heart health. Know how to prepare and what to expect.
Find out about tattoo removal options, including laser surgery, surgical removal and dermabrasion.
Telestroke or stroke telemedicine uses technology to provide expert stroke care in smaller communities.
Examining your testicles regularly can help you notice changes when they occur and identify testicular problems.
Learn what to expect during this surgery — a procedure that involves removing all or part of your thyroid gland.
Learn how this test may help you find the cause of unexplained episodes of fainting.
Learn how to prepare for a tonsillectomy and what to expect from the surgery.
Understand how this procedure to remove chest tissue can help transgender men and nonbinary people transition physically to their self-affirmed gender.
Learn how this surgery can help transgender women and nonbinary people change their chest size and shape.
A surgically created hole in the front of the neck provides an air passage to help breathing when the usual route for breathing is blocked or reduced.
This minimally invasive procedure to replace a narrowed aortic valve is an alternative to open-heart valve surgery. Learn about the benefits and risks of TAVR.
This procedure uses magnetic fields to stimulate nerve cells in the brain involved in mood control. It's sometimes used for depression and other conditions.
Learn how therapy and surgery can help people who are transgender achieve communication styles that match their gender identity.
Learn about this procedure for treating an enlarged prostate, including how it's done and possible risks and benefits.
Learn about this minimally invasive procedure for treating an enlarged prostate, including how it's done and possible risks and benefits.
Learn about this procedure used to treat urinary problems caused by an enlarged prostate gland.
These heart surgeries treat tricuspid valve regurgitation and stenosis and Ebstein anomaly, a type of congenital heart defect. Learn how they're done.
Thinking of getting your tubes tied? Tubal ligation is a permanent form of contraception. Know the risks and what to expect.
Find out how this procedure can change the appearance of your abdomen, giving you a more toned silhouette.
This imaging method uses sound waves to create pictures of the inside of your body. Learn how it works and how it’s used.
In this simple procedure, a tiny camera is used to visually examine your upper digestive system. Find out what to expect.
This common lab test checks urine for signs of disease and for clues about overall health.
A urine cytology test uses a sample of your urine to look for abnormal cells, which could indicate a urinary tract cancer.
Learn what to expect, risks and results of uterine artery embolization, a minimally invasive treatment for uterine fibroids.
Vaginal hysterectomy is a procedure to remove the uterus through an incision in the vagina to treat certain gynecological conditions.
Learn more about this procedure that may be used to treat epilepsy and other neurological conditions when other treatments haven't worked.
Find out more about this cardiac catheter procedure to repair a narrowed heart valve.
Find out more about this procedure that provides nearly 100 percent effective male birth control by cutting the supply of sperm to semen.
Learn about this microsurgery procedure that can restore your fertility after a vasectomy.
Learn how this implanted device helps your heart pump and when you might need one.
Learn how heart doctors apply heat or cold energy from inside or outside the heart to treat very fast and erratic heartbeats.
This minimally invasive surgical procedure is used to diagnose and treat problems in the chest, such as with the lungs, esophagus, thymus gland and heart.
Unlike other colon cancer screening tests, this imaging test doesn't use a scope to examine your colon. Learn how it works and what to expect.
Learn about traditional and minimally invasive Whipple procedure and other advanced surgeries that help people with pancreatic cancer.
Wisdom tooth extraction — Overview covers treatment goals and complications of surgery for wisdom teeth removal.
The withdrawal method — pulling the penis out of the vagina before ejaculation — isn't the most effective birth control. Learn about the pros and cons.
This quick and simple imaging test can spot problems in areas such as your bones, teeth and chest. Learn more about this diagnostic test.