Tests & Procedures
Find out what to expect during a 3D mammogram to look for breast cancer. Learn how this newer test compares to a standard mammogram.
Learn more about the preparation for and results of this common diabetes blood test.
Learn about surgery to replace a knee ligament, including what you need to do to prepare for this procedure and what results you can expect.
An antinuclear antibody (ANA) test is one test used to help determine if you have an autoimmune disease such as lupus.
Learn who may benefit from this cardiac catheter procedure to correct persistent atrial fibrillation, or A-fib.
Learn about reasons why a hysterectomy might be done and what to expect if you need to have surgery to remove your uterus.
Abdominal ultrasound is the preferred test to screen for an aortic aneurysm. But it may be done for other health reasons, too. Learn why and how it’s done.
Active surveillance for prostate cancer — Overview covers what to expect, risks of expectant management or watchful waiting for prostate cancer.
Practitioners use this integrative medicine technique to treat common problems such as back pain, neck pain and joint pain to influence energy flow.
Allergy shots (immunotherapy) offer long-term relief from allergy symptoms. However, the treatment takes as long as three to five years to be effective.
Considering skin testing for your allergies? Learn about the risks, results and what to expect during testing.
Allogeneic stem cell transplant — Learn about this type of bone marrow transplant using stem cells from donor blood, bone marrow or umbilical cord blood.
Find out about this prenatal test that checks the fluid surrounding your baby during pregnancy.
Anger management is learning to recognize signs that you're becoming angry, and taking action to calm down and deal with the situation in a productive way.
Find out more about this procedure to reinforce a ring around a heart valve.
Learn more about this complex surgery done where the aorta — the main blood supply to your vital organs and extremities — meets the heart.
Find out how aortic valve repair and aortic valve replacement can treat aortic valve stenosis, aortic valve regurgitation and congenital heart disease.
Know what to expect during an arm lift and the possible risks.
Learn more about this procedure that uses a slim fiber-optic camera to diagnose and treat joint problems.
Learn how hot or cold energy can treat irregular and chaotic heartbeats, also known as atrial fibrillation (A-fib).
Learn how heart specialists use this type of cardiac ablation to treat atrial flutter.
Learn more about what an auditory brainstem implant is, how it works and how it may be right for you.
This type of bone marrow transplant uses your own blood stem cells to treat blood disorders and cancers.
Awake brain surgery is performed while you are awake and alert. This type of brain surgery may be used to treat some brain tumors or epileptic seizures.
Find out what to expect if you're considering a blood test to determine if you have an increased risk of breast cancer. Learn what your results might mean.
Bariatric surgery can be a helpful weight loss tool — but it's not for everyone. Learn about available procedures and the risks and results of surgery.
Find out how to prepare and what to expect if your doctor has recommended a barium enema.
Learn the steps for tracking body temperature for pregnancy or contraception. Find out when during your menstrual cycle you're more likely to be fertile.
Learn about a two-part weight-loss procedure that involves making the stomach smaller and reconnecting parts of the small intestine
Find out what to expect from a bilirubin test — an important blood test that determines how your liver is functioning.
Biofeedback is a technique you can use to learn to control your body's responses, such as your heart rate. It can be helpful for a variety of health problems.
Find out what to expect during this prenatal test that combines fetal heart rate monitoring and a fetal ultrasound.
Learn how to use this type of birth control that administers estrogen and progestin through a patch you wear on your skin to prevent pregnancy.
Learn about innovative approaches to bladder removal surgery, including robotic surgery and neobladder reconstruction.
Learn what's involved and the risks, as well as what kind of results you can expect from this eyelid surgery.
Learn what blood and bone marrow donation is, as well as its steps and risks.
Find out what to expect during blood donation and how your blood will be used to help others.
Find out what to expect during this test that measures the pressure in your arteries as your heart pumps, and learn about the results.
A blood transfusion can help replace blood lost due to surgery or injury. It also can help if an illness prevents your body from making blood correctly.
Learn how to prepare, what to expect and possible results of this test to assess kidney and liver function.
If your doctor suspects you have osteoporosis, a bone density test can assess your bone strength. Learn about the risks and results of this procedure.
Learn what to expect with these tests, which are done to make sure your bone marrow is healthy.
This procedure replaces unhealthy bone marrow with new stem cells. It may be done with your own cells, or with cells from a donor or umbilical cord blood.
This diagnostic test can be used to check for cancer that has spread to the bones, unexplained skeletal pain, bone infection or a bone injury.
Learn about the uses, risks and results of this procedure for facial rejuvenation and to treat medical conditions.
During brachytherapy cancer treatment, radioactive material is placed inside your body. Find out how brachytherapy is done and who it's for.
This procedure delivers precise radiation therapy to treat brain tumors and other brain abnormalities.
Learn more about breast MRI, including how this imaging test helps to diagnose cancer and when you might need one.
Find out about surgery to increase breast size, as well as the risks, benefits, possible complications and follow-up care.
Breast biopsy — Overview covers definition, risks, results of this breast cancer test.
Learn about the services available to help you feel better during and after breast cancer treatment.
Learn about the types of operations used to treat breast cancer, including lumpectomy, mastectomy, lymph node surgery and breast reconstruction.
Learn more about breast lift surgery, including the benefits, risks and how long recovery takes.
Find out what to expect if you're considering breast reconstruction. Learn about the options, incuding TRAM, DIEP and latissimus dorsi flap procedures.
Find out what to expect if you're considering breast reconstruction with breast implants after mastectomy. Includes pre-pectoral implant placement.
Find out more about this surgery to remove excess fat, tissue and skin from the breasts.
Being aware of the normal consistency of your breasts may make it more likely that you'll notice any changes that could be signs of breast cancer.
A doctor inserts a small, flexible tube through your mouth or nose into your lungs to look at your air passages and find the cause of a lung problem.
Find out about this surgery to improve the appearance of the forehead and brow, including the possible risks.
Understand how a buttock lift can change your appearance and the possible risks.
Inflammation in your body increases the level of C-reactive protein (CRP) in your blood, possibly indicating an infection or other condition.
Understand why this surgical procedure to deliver a baby is done, the risks and tips for recovery.
Learn how doctors use this blood test to measure levels of a tumor marker associated with ovarian cancer, fallopian tube cancer and other types of cancer.
Learn how COVID-19 antibody testing is done to find out if you've had a past infection with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019.
Find out how COVID-19 diagnostic testing is done to learn if you're currently infected with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019.
Learn about the risks and results of this imaging test that looks at the arteries that supply blood to your heart.
This imaging test helps detect internal injuries and disease by providing cross-sectional images of bones, blood vessels and soft tissues inside your body.
Here's what to expect from the canalith repositioning procedure, a series of simple, effective maneuvers to help relieve a certain type of vertigo.
Cancer treatments, including surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy, are often combined to cure or control various cancers.
Capsule endoscopy involves swallowing a tiny capsule with a camera inside to get a view of the inside of your digestive tract. Find out what to expect.
Hot or cold energy applied to the heart can correct rapid or erratic heartbeats (arrhythmias). Know when you might need this treatment and the risks.
Find out more about this minimally invasive procedure that can diagnose and treat heart problems, including what's involved in the test and the risks.
Learn more about this customized program to improve your heart health through exercise, education and support.
A treatment for heart failure, cardiac resynchronization therapy uses a pacemaker or a pacemaker with a defibrillator.
Learn what to expect during this procedure to reset your heart's rhythm.
This procedure opens a clogged artery to restore blood flow to the brain — and saves you from a stroke.
This procedure removes plaque buildup in the carotid artery to help reduce your risk of stroke.
A carotid ultrasound examines the blood flow through the arteries in your neck that deliver blood from your heart to your brain.
Cataract surgery — Overview covers risks, complications, results of this eye surgery.
The cervical cap can be inserted hours or minutes before sex, and keeps working for up to 48 hours with correct use.
Find out how this procedure to close the cervix during pregnancy might benefit your pregnancy.
Normal vaginal discharge can give you clues about your fertility. Learn how to track changes in cervical mucus to predict when you may be more likely to get pregnant.
Learn about your options and what to expect with this skin-resurfacing procedure that removes layers of your skin with a chemical solution.
Chemotherapy drugs are used to treat many types of cancer. Learn why it's done, side effects and what to expect during chemotherapy treatment.
Learn how doctors use this drug treatment to kill rapidly growing breast cancer cells. Find out about chemotherapy side effects and what you can expect.
Learn what these chest images can show your doctor and what conditions they may uncover.
Chiropractors apply a controlled, sudden force to individual spinal joints to improve mobility and relieve discomfort.
Does your gallbladder need to come out? Find out what happens during a cholecystectomy — a common surgical procedure to remove your gallbladder.
Cholesterol test — Overview covers how to interpret the results of this common blood test.
Find out about this prenatal test that can uncover chromosomal and other genetic conditions early in pregnancy.
Circumcision — the surgical removal of the skin covering the tip of the penis — can be a religious ritual, a family tradition or a matter of personal hygiene.
A cochlear implant is an electronic device that partially restores hearing in people who have severe hearing loss due to damage of the inner ear.
Becoming aware of inaccurate or negative thinking can help you view challenging situations more clearly and respond to them in a more effective way.
If you're having colon surgery, learn what to expect, the risks and how to prepare.
Colonoscopy is one option for colon cancer screening. Find out what to expect during this procedure to examine the inside of your colon.
Find out why colposcopy is done and what to expect during an exam to diagnose cancer and other problems affecting the cervix, vagina and vulva.
Combination birth control pills, oral contraceptives that contain estrogen and progestin, keep you from ovulating.
Complete blood count (CBC) — Overview covers definition, preparation, results of this common blood test.
Computerized tomography (CT) urogram — Overview covers definition, what to expect and results of this imaging test.
These tests help measure brain function after head trauma and help athletes at risk for head injuries.
Contraceptive implant — Overview covers definition, risks, and instructions for using this type of contraception.
Learn about this birth control option that prevents pregnancy by blocking sperm from entering the uterus.
Convalescent plasma therapy uses blood from people who've recovered from an illness to help others recover. It's being tried as a treatment for COVID-19.
A copper intrauterine device offers a hormone-free option for long-acting, reversible birth control.
Find out how this prenatal test uses umbilical cord blood to check for genetic disorders and infections.
Cornea transplant uses donor tissue to restore your vision and reduce pain from cornea disease. Our overview helps you see the risks and benefits clearly.
Learn more about this heart disease test that uses X-ray imaging to see your heart’s blood vessels.
Coronary angioplasty and stents can open clogged arteries and improve blood flow to the heart.
Learn about this surgery that creates a new pathway to the heart, allowing better blood flow to the heart muscle and easing chest pain.
These shots can help relieve pain and inflammation. Potential side effects generally limit the number of cortisone shots you can receive in one year.
Cosmetic surgery's goal is to improve your appearance. Cosmetic surgery can involve dramatic changes, so it's important to understand what it involves.
Learn more about blood and urine tests used to measure kidney function.
Find out how very cold temperatures are used to freeze tissue and treat prostate cancer. Learn about the side effects and potential benefits of cryotherapy.
During cystoscopy, your doctor examines the inside of your bladder using a special instrument that's inserted into the bladder through the urethra.
CYP450 tests may help determine how your body metabolizes an antidepressant based on how genes affect your body's response to medication.
Deceased-donor kidney transplant — Find out more about this treatment for end-stage kidney disease and what to expect.
Learn more about how electrical stimulation of the brain can be used to treat a variety of conditions, including epilepsy and Parkinson's disease.
Wire-based appliances or clear aligners that orthodontists use to correct crowded and crooked teeth or a misaligned jaw (an overbite or an underbite).
Regular dental exams, which include teeth cleaning and evaluation for risk of problems, help protect your oral health.
Regular dental exams, which include teeth cleaning and evaluation for risk of problems, help protect your child's oral health.
A procedure that replaces tooth roots with metal, screwlike posts, which are topped with artificial teeth, giving you the look and function of real teeth.
Depo-Provera, a contraceptive injection that's given every three months, contains the hormone progestin to help protect from unintended pregnancy.
Find out how this skin-resurfacing procedure can change the appearance of your skin.
The diaphragm can be inserted minutes or hours in advance of sex, and keeps working for up to a day — but doesn't protect against STIs.
Understand what to expect during a D&C, including how doctors perform this procedure to remove uterine tissue and what to watch out for during recovery.
This imaging test helps determine if an abnormal disk in your spine is causing your back pain.
This surgical procedure removes the damaged portion of a herniated disk in your spine. It's most effective for pain radiating down your arms or legs.
Learn about the benefits and risks of donor nephrectomy, a procedure used in living kidney donation.
Brain cells communicate via electrical impulses, activity an EEG detects. An abnormal pattern can indicate conditions such as epilepsy.
An electrophysiology study can show the cause of heart rhythm problems and guide treatment. Know when it's done and the risks.
Learn about the procedure for placing ear tubes used to treat middle ear problems.
For women who want to save their unfertilized eggs for a possible future pregnancy, egg freezing is a method for doing so.
This common, painless test can detect heart attacks and heart rhythm problems. Know when and why an ECG is done.
ECT can provide rapid, significant improvements in people who have severe symptoms of depression, mania, catatonia or other mental health disorders.
Electromyography (EMG) is a procedure used to diagnose muscle or nerve dysfunction. Learn what to expect from your EMG.
Endometrial ablation treats abnormal uterine bleeding and other uterine conditions. Learn about the risks and what to expect during the procedure.
Endoscopic mucosal resection, a procedure to remove abnormal tissue from the lining of the digestive tract, is used for both diagnosis and treatment.
Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty is a weight-loss procedure done using a flexible tube passed down through the throat — with no external incision.
Learn more about this minimally invasive imaging test combining endoscopy and ultrasound to diagnosis digestive and lung diseases.
Surgery may provide relief from epileptic seizures when medications aren't working.
This test involves placing a thin, pressure-sensitive tube through your nose into your esophagus to measure pressure as you swallow.
Esophagectomy is a procedure that involves removing the tube between your mouth and stomach. Find out what to expect.
External beam radiation for prostate cancer — Comprehensive overview covers risks, results of prostate cancer radiation therapy.
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) helps your heart and lungs function while you recover from serious illness or injury.
Have you scheduled your eye exam? Find out how often you need to have your eyes checked and what to expect from the different types of exams.
A face-lift is a surgical procedure that can give your face a younger look. Understand the risks and benefits if you are considering this cosmetic surgery.
Find out more about these procedures that can change masculine facial features to feminine features.
Find out more about facial injections that can temporarily soften wrinkles.
Family therapy is a type of psychological counseling that can help family members improve communication and resolve conflicts.
Learn how doctors use fecal occult blood tests (FOBT), such as the fecal immunochemical test (FIT), to screen for colon cancer.
The female condom is immediately effective and doesn't require cooperation — or an erection — from a sexual partner. Failure rates, however, are higher than the male condom.
Find out more about this feminizing hormonal treatment to promote the matching of your gender identity and body.
Find out how feminizing surgical procedures can alter your appearance to promote the matching of your body to your gender identity.
Ferritin is a blood protein that contains iron. A ferritin test shows whether your blood has too much or too little iron.
Understand how this prenatal test can be used to rule out preterm labor.
This procedure is done on an unborn baby (fetus) in the mother's uterus to improve outcomes of children with certain birth defects, such as spina bifida.
Fetal ultrasound images can help your doctor evaluate how your pregnancy is progressing.
Find out about this prenatal test that offers early information about your baby's risk of certain chromosomal conditions.
Learn about this alternative to colonoscopy to screen for and detect polyps or cancer in the lower part of the colon.
Learn more about what you can expect during this uterine fibroid treatment, along with the possible risks and results.
Forceps delivery is sometimes recommended to help guide your baby out of the birth canal during childbirth. Find out what to expect from this procedure.
Gastric bypass is a type of weight-loss surgery that reduces your stomach to the size of a walnut. Learn about its risks and benefits.
Gene therapy replaces a faulty gene or adds a new gene in an attempt to cure disease or improve your body's ability to fight disease.
General anesthesia means being put in a sleep-like state during surgery so that you don't feel any pain.
Genetic testing: Learn why it's done, how to prepare and what to expect from diagnostic tests, carrier tests, prenatal tests and newborn screening.
Time for your glucose challenge test? Know how to prepare for this gestational diabetes screening.
These simple blood tests are performed to screen for diabetes. Your doctor may recommend one or many of these tests depending on your risk factors.
Learn more about this routine pregnancy screening and how to understand the results.
Found out what to expect during a HIDA scan — a nuclear imaging procedure used to diagnose liver, gallbladder and bile duct problems.
When should you be tested for HIV? Learn what options are available.
The HPV test can help identify your risk of cervical cancer. Learn more about how to prepare and what your results may mean.
Hand transplant — Overview covers how this uncommon procedure is performed and its risks.
Learn more about this test that can reveal calcium deposits in your blood vessels and know how the findings relate to your heart disease risk.
Replacing a failing heart with a donor heart is an end-stage treatment for heart disease.
Learn more about surgery to treat heart valve disease, which involves repairing or replacing affected heart valves.
Hematocrit test — Comprehensive overview covers results, what to expect from this red blood cell blood test.
Learn about this procedure to filter waste products from the blood, including when it might be needed and possible risks of this kidney failure treatment.
Hemoglobin test — Overview covers definition, preparation, results of this blood test.
Hip replacement may be an option if your hip pain interferes with daily activities and nonsurgical treatments haven't helped.
A Holter monitor is a device used to keep track of your heart rhythm. Learn what to expect if you need one.
Learn how Mayo Clinic specialists help you maintain your feeding tube at home.
Learn about home parenteral nutrition treatment at Mayo Clinic and the situations in which this specialized form of food infused through a vein is used.
A progestin-containing intrauterine device — or hormonal IUD — provides long-acting, reversible birth control.
Find out how doctors use hormone therapy for breast cancer. Learn about risks and what to expect during this treatment for ER and PR positive breast cancers.
Find out what to expect during hormone therapy for prostate cancer. Learn about your options, including medications and surgery.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is a well-known treatment for decompression sickness, but it has many surprising uses. Find out about why and how it's done.
Find out about this relaxed state, the conditions it can help, and the possible risks.
Ileoanal anastomosis (J-pouch) surgery removes parts of the large intestine. It’s often done to treat bowel conditions that tend to progress to cancer.
Learn how doctors use imaging tests during radiation therapy to deliver treatment precisely, increasing effectiveness and reducing side effects.
Learn more about these devices that help control your heart rhythm, including what's involved in getting one implanted as well as potential risks.
Implantable loop recorder — Learn how this heart-monitoring device is different from electrocardiogram and Holter monitor and who might benefit from it.
Learn more about the IVF process and what to expect from this assisted reproductive technology used to treat infertility.
Integrative medicine combines complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) practices with conventional medicine.
An intragastric balloon is a silicone balloon filled with saline. It's inserted into the stomach to create a feeling of fullness and aid in weight loss.
Intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI) — Find out how Mayo Clinic neurosurgeons use this test during brain surgery.
Learn more about how this infertility treatment is done and what to expect.
An intravenous pyelogram is an imaging exam that may be used to help diagnose urinary tract disorders. Learn what to expect during the exam.
Jaw surgery corrects irregularities of the jaw bones and realigns the jaws and teeth to improve the way they work and it often improves appearance.
During a kidney biopsy, doctors remove a small piece of kidney tissue to view under a microscope to diagnose kidney problems and guide treatment decisions.
This surgical procedure is done to treat kidney failure. Find out about the different types of kidney transplants and what to expect.
Knee braces for osteoarthritis may help reduce pain by shifting your weight off the most damaged portion of your knee.
If you have arthritis damage in just one area of your knee, osteotomy might buy some time before you need total knee replacement.
Knee replacement surgery can relieve pain and restore function to a knee joint that's severely damaged, usually by arthritis.
Learn about this most common type of laser eye surgery to correct vision problems and what to expect before, during and after surgery.
Understand what to expect during labor induction, including different techniques and possible risks.
The removal of the rear portion of a vertebra (lamina) creates extra space within the spinal canal and can relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerves.
Laryngotracheal reconstruction surgery — Comprehensive overview covers why it's done and what's involved with the procedure.
Laser hair removal uses a concentrated beam of light to reduce unwanted hair long term.
Explore your options and learn what to expect from this treatment to improve the appearance of your facial skin.
Light therapy — Explore light therapy as a treatment for seasonal affective disorder and other conditions.
Learn about this surgical procedure that removes fat and contours certain areas of your body, including risks, what to expect and how to prepare.
Examining liver tissue can be a vital step in diagnosing and treating many liver conditions. Find out what to expect from this important procedure.
Liver function tests can help determine how well your liver is doing its job. Find out what to expect and what results are considered normal.
Liver transplant is an important treatment option for patients with liver failure. Learn about what to expect before and after the procedure.
Living-donor kidney transplant — Find out more about this alternative to deceased-donor kidney transplant and what to expect.
Living-donor liver transplant — Learn how to become a living liver donor and what to expect as a living liver donor transplant recipient.
This surgical procedure uses a living donor's donated organ, such as a kidney or portion of a liver, to replace another person's failed organ.
A spinal tap removes a sample of cerebrospinal fluid to check for infections, bleeding and other abnormalities.
Learn what to expect from this breast-conserving surgical procedure.
Doctors recommend lung CT scans to look for signs of lung cancer in current and former heavy smokers. Find out what to expect during lung cancer screening.
Learn what's involved in this major surgery that replaces a diseased or failing lung with a healthy lung, and what you can expect after the procedure.
Lung volume reduction surgery is a treatment for severe emphysema. Damaged areas are removed, allowing the lung to function better.
Learn more about how to prepare for this painless diagnostic test that creates detailed pictures of the inside of the body without using radiation.
Magnetic resonance elastography is a newer, noninvasive imaging test used to evaluate the severity of certain liver diseases.
Learn about male condoms, including how to use them and potential risks of this method of STI prevention and birth control.
Mammogram — Comprehensive overview covers definition, risks, what to expect, and results of this breast X-ray test used in breast cancer diagnosis.
Marriage counseling can help you and your partner recognize and resolve relationship conflicts. Find out what to expect.
Find out more about this masculinizing hormonal treatment to promote the matching of your gender identity and body.
Find out how masculinizing surgical procedures can alter your appearance to promote the matching of your body to your body gender identity.
Learn about this operation to remove one or both breasts for breast cancer treatment or breast cancer prevention. Find out what you can expect.
Find out who may benefit from this procedure to correct a heart rhythm problem.
Learn what to expect when medications are used to end a pregnancy, including side effects, risks and possible complications.
How healthy are your kidneys? This simple urine test can detect early signs of kidney damage, which could help prevent or delay serious kidney disease.
Minimally invasive heart surgery — Learn more about this surgery that uses small incisions in the chest as an alternative to open-heart surgery.
Minimally invasive surgery — Learn more about laparoscopy or robotic surgical techniques, which may mean less pain and a shorter hospital stay.
The minipill is an oral contraceptive that contains only the hormone progestin and no estrogen.
Learn what to expect during this skin cancer surgery that involves removing thin layers of skin until only cancer-free tissue remains.
Learn about this breast cancer screening test that's sometimes used in addition to mammograms, especially for women with dense breast tissue.
For women who've had unprotected sex or whose birth control method failed, the morning-after pill can help prevent pregnancy.
This surgical procedure to treat uterine fibroids tries to preserve fertility using a variety of approaches.
Find out how this cosmetic procedure removes excess skin and fat around the jaw line to create a more youthful appearance.
Common needle biopsy procedures include fine-needle aspiration and core needle biopsy.
Learn about bladder reconstruction to restore urinary function after bladder removal surgery, including how it's done and possible complications.
Complete (radical) nephrectomy is surgery to remove all of a kidney. Kidney-sparing surgery (partial nephrectomy) removes part of a kidney.
Nitric oxide tests aid in asthma diagnosis by measuring the nitric oxide gas in the air you exhale. High levels may indicate asthma.
Nondirected living donor — Find out what becoming a good Samaritan (nondirected) living organ donor means to transplantation.
Understand how this prenatal test uses fetal heart rate monitoring to evaluate your baby's health.
A nuclear stress test creates images showing the blood flow to your heart. Here's how to prepare, and what you can expect.
Find out what to expect and learn about the risks of surgery to remove the ovaries for ovarian cancer, tumors, cysts, abscesses and other conditions.
Learn about the benefits and limitations of tests to detect mouth cancer.
Otoplasty is a procedure that's done to change the appearance of your ears. Learn how it's done, plus the risks and results of this cosmetic procedure.
Learn about the PSA test and how it's used for prostate cancer screening.
A pacemaker implanted in your chest can help correct an abnormal heart rhythm.
Palliative care — Learn why it's done and what to expect with this specialized medical care that offers symptom relief for seriously ill people of any age.
A pancreas transplant offers a potential cure for people with serious complications from diabetes. Learn about what to expect before and after the procedure.
Pap smear is often recommended for cervical cancer screening. Learn how it's done and what abnormal Pap test results might mean.
A peak flow meter is a simple tool that can help monitor your asthma symptoms. Use these tips to get the most from it.
This surgery can treat injuries or congenital abnormalities in the neck section of the spine.
Find out what’s involved in a pelvic exam, why it might be needed and how to prepare.
Explore your choices and learn what to expect from penile implant surgery.
Find out how this noninvasive device can be placed on your penis to create an erection.
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is a procedure for removing large kidney stones. Learn how it is done.
Find out what to expect during and after PICC line insertion. Learn about why it's done and potential PICC line complications.
Learn how this treatment option for managing kidney failure may give you more flexibility than traditional dialysis.
Pillar procedure — Overview covers definition, risks, results of this procedure for obstructive sleep apnea.
Your doctor may order a sleep study if a sleep disorder such as sleep apnea is suspected. Learn how to prepare and what to expect.
Learn how this imaging scan is used to detect changes within certain tissues or organs early.
Learn how precision medicine uses genetic testing and drug-gene testing (pharmacogenomics) to diagnose, treat and prevent breast cancer.
Preemptive kidney transplant — Find out more about this alternative to dialysis for treatment of end-stage kidney disease and what to expect.
Premarital counseling can help you discuss build the foundation for a strong marriage.
Find out how prenatal cell-free DNA screening can be used to screen for certain chromosomal abnormalities.
Prostate biopsy — Comprehensive overview covers why it's done and what to expect during a prostate biopsy.
Learn about this type of radiation therapy for prostate cancer that involves placing radioactive seeds or wires in the prostate gland.
Understand what to expect, risks and results of this procedure to treat enlarged prostate.
Learn about surgical options and advances in prostatectomy, including robotic surgery, as well as the risks involved with each approach.
This simple test measures how quickly your blood clots. Find out why it's done and what to expect.
Learn more about this newer form of radiation therapy that's used to treat cancer and noncancerous tumors. Find out how it's different from X-ray radiation.
Psychotherapy — Overview covers definition, risks and results of this mental health treatment.
Congenital heart conditions can cause a leaky or obstructed pulmonary valve. Learn the benefits and risks of valve repair and replacement.
Pulmonary vein isolation — Overview covers risks, what to expect during this procedure to correct atrial fibrillation using radiofrequency or cryoablation.
What can a quad screen tell you about your baby? Get the facts.
Radiation therapy is a common means of treating many types of cancer. Find out what to expect during your radiation therapy treatment.
Find out why doctors use radiation treat breast cancer. Learn what to expect and the side effects of breast cancer radiation, including proton therapy.
Bad back, neck or hip? Radiofrequency neurotomy temporarily quiets nerves that cause pain. Know more about this targeted treatment for joint pain.
Rectal prolapse surgery is done to repair protrusion of the rectal lining through the anus. Learn about techniques, risks and results.
Do you need an Rh factor blood test? Understand this blood test for pregnant women.
Rheumatoid factor — This blood test can help diagnose autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren's syndrome and lupus.
Learn about the benefits, risks and what to expect during nose surgery.
Want to know the best time of month to conceive or avoid pregnancy? The rhythm method is a natural form of family planning that can help. Learn the steps.
Robotic hysterectomy is a minimally invasive surgery to remove the uterus.
Learn about this minimally invasion procedure to remove uterine fibroids that may reduce pain, blood loss and recovery time.
Robotic systems can help surgeons increase precision, flexibility and control for many procedures. Learn about the advantages and availability of robot-assisted surgery.
Learn about the risks and results of a SPECT scan, a type of nuclear imaging that creates 3-D pictures using a radioactive substance and a special camera.
Discover how cold or heat energy is used to correct abnormally fast and erratic heartbeats, such as atrial tachycardia and AV node reentrant tachycardia.
Learn what's involved in this procedure to treat varicose veins, including the risks and what improvements you can expect.
Sed rate is a blood test that can reveal inflammatory activity in your body. It's often used to help diagnose conditions affecting your joints or muscles.
Learn what to expect during this procedure to remove and analyze a limited number of lymph nodes to determine whether your cancer has spread.
Find out how this nose surgery can straighten the bone and cartilage separating your nostrils. This opens up your nasal passages, making breathing easier.
You can address concerns about sexual function, sexual feelings and intimacy, either in individual therapy or in joint therapy with your partner.
Learn when this test is helpful in diagnosing or treating skin conditions and what to expect during the procedure.
Learn about sleeve gastrectomy, a type of weight-loss surgery that involves removing part of the stomach to make it smaller.
Get details on the steps involved — and what's required of you — if you decide to donate sperm and help another family conceive.
Learn how to use this type of birth control that prevents pregnancy by killing or immobilizing sperm so that the sperm can't fertilize an egg.
This procedure permanently connects two or more vertebrae in your spine. This eliminates motion between the bones and can reduce neck or back pain.
Learn more about this test that uses a special breathing tube to diagnose breathing problems, including asthma and COPD.
The spleen helps you fight infection, but you can live without it if you have to. Learn about the risks and results of this surgery to remove the spleen.
Stereotactic body radiosurgery uses radiation beams to treat tumors in all parts of the body. Understand the benefits and when this incision-free procedure is used.
Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) uses radiation beams to treat tumors in all parts of the body. Learn what to expect before, during and after this incision-free procedure.
Learn about this noninvasive colon cancer screening test that can detect DNA changes in cells collected from a stool sample.
This test provides keys to your heart health — here's how to prepare and what to expect.
Find out about tattoo removal options, including laser surgery, surgical removal and dermabrasion.
Telestroke or stroke telemedicine uses technology to provide expert stroke care in smaller communities.
Examining your testicles regularly can help you notice changes when they occur and identify testicular problems.
Learn about what to expect from a thyroidectomy — a procedure that involves removing all or part of your thyroid gland.
Learn how this test may help you find the cause of unexplained episodes of fainting.
Learn how to prepare for a tonsillectomy and what to expect from the surgery.
Understand how this procedure to remove breast tissue can help transgender men transition physically to their self-affirmed gender.
Find out how top surgery can help transgender women increase their breast size and improve the shape of their chests.
A surgically created hole in the front of the neck provides an air passage to help breathing when the usual route for breathing is blocked or reduced.
This minimally invasive procedure to replace a narrowed aortic valve may be an option for those who can't have open-heart surgery.
This noninvasive intervention is effective in treating depression by using magnetic fields to stimulate nerve cells in the brain involved in mood control.
Learn about this minimally-invasive procedure for treating an enlarged prostate, including how it's done and possible risks and benefits.
Learn about this minimally-invasive procedure for treating an enlarged prostate, including how it's done and possible risks and benefits.
Learn about this procedure for treating an enlarged prostate, including possible risks and what to expect during and after the procedure.
Learn about this procedure used to treat urinary problems caused by an enlarged prostate gland.
Tricuspid valve repair and replacement treat tricuspid valve regurgitation and stenosis as well as congenital heart disease, including Ebstein anomaly.
Thinking of getting your tubes tied? Tubal ligation is a permanent form of contraception. Know the risks and what to expect.
Tubal ligation reversal may help give women who have had their "tubes tied" the ability to become pregnant.
Find out how this procedure can change the appearance of your abdomen, giving you a slimmer silhouette.
This imaging method uses sound waves to create pictures of the inside of your body. Learn how it works and how it’s used.
In upper endoscopy, a tiny camera is used to visually examine your upper digestive system. Find out what to expect.
Overview covers definition, preparation and results of this common lab test to check urine for signs of disease and for clues about overall health.
A urine cytology test uses a sample of your urine to look for abnormal cells, which could indicate a urinary tract cancer.
Learn what to expect, risks and results of uterine artery embolization, a minimally invasive treatment for uterine fibroids.
Vacuum extraction is sometimes recommended to help guide your baby out of the birth canal during childbirth. Find out what to expect from this procedure.
Is a vaginal birth after cesarean an option for you? Know the factors that might affect your decision and the possible risks.
Vaginal hysterectomy is a procedure to remove the uterus through an incision in the vagina to treat certain gynecological conditions.
The vaginal ring is a hormonal device that helps prevent pregnancy. Find out if this alternative to birth control pills is a good option for you.
Learn more about this procedure that may be used to treat epilepsy and other neurological conditions when other treatments haven't worked.
Find out more about this procedure to repair a narrowed heart valve.
Find out more about this procedure that provides nearly 100 percent effective male birth control by cutting the supply of sperm to semen.
Learn about this microsurgery procedure that can restore your fertility after a vasectomy.
Ventricular assist device (VAD) — Overview covers risks and results of this lifesaving heart device.
Learn how heart doctors apply heat or cold energy from inside or outside the heart to treat abnormally fast and erratic heartbeats.
This minimally invasive surgical procedure is used to diagnose and treat problems in the chest, such as with the lungs, esophagus, thymus gland and heart.
Unlike other colon cancer screening tests, this imaging test doesn't use a scope to examine your colon. Learn how it works and what to expect.
Find out how voice feminizing therapy and surgery might help trans women achieve communication styles that match their gender identity.
Learn about traditional and minimally invasive Whipple procedure and other advanced surgeries that help people with pancreatic cancer.
Wisdom tooth extraction — Overview covers treatment goals and complications of surgery for wisdom teeth removal.
The withdrawal method — pulling the penis out of the vagina before ejaculation — isn't the most effective birth control. Learn about the pros and cons.