Apraxia is caused by brain disease or damage. The brain is unable to make and deliver correct movement instructions to the body.


One type of apraxia affects speech. The brain struggles with lip, jaw, and tongue movements. Other types affect the accuracy of limb movements, response to verbal commands, and facial movements, such as winking.


Treatment may include physical, speech, and occupational therapy.

Last Updated Jun 13, 2017

Content from Mayo Clinic ©1998-2020 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). All rights reserved. Terms of Use