An extremely rare condition in which a female has two extra X chromosomes.
A chronic immune system disease caused by HIV (human immunodeficiency virus).
An enlarged area in the lower part of the aorta, a major blood vessel.
Excess weight that develops over time around the center of the body, also called visceral fat.
Pain from inside the abdomen or the outer muscle wall, ranging from mild and temporary to severe and requiring emergency care.
An injury caused by something that rubs or scrapes against the skin or tissue.
A confined pocket of pus that collects in tissues, organs, or spaces inside the body.
A skin condition characterized by dark, velvety patches in body folds and creases.
A rare disorder making it difficult for food and liquid to pass into the stomach.
An injury of the Achilles tendon, which connects the calf muscle to the heel bone.
A partial or complete disruption of the tendon just above the heel, resulting in inability to raise the foot.
A skin condition that occurs when hair follicles plug with oil and dead skin cells.
A disorder in adults in which the pituitary gland produces too much growth hormone.
A rough, scaly patch on the skin caused by years of sun exposure.
Any condition brought on by a sudden reduction or blockage of blood flow to the heart.
A type of cancer of the blood and bone marrow that affects white blood cells.
A type of cancer of the blood and bone marrow that affects mature blood cell growth.
A condition in which the kidneys suddenly can't filter waste from the blood.
Condition in which fluid collects in the lungs' air sacs, depriving organs of oxygen.
A disorder in which the adrenal glands don't produce enough hormones.
Inflammation of a gland or infection-fighting node (lymph node).
A condition in which endometrial tissue exists within and grows into the uterine wall.
A condition characterized by stiffness and pain in the shoulder joint.
A type of stress-related mental condition brought on by a life change.
A group of nonspecific symptoms such as aches, fatigue, and nervousness.
A disorder in which the adrenal glands don't make enough of certain hormones.
A genetic condition that damages the membrane surrounding the brain nerve cells.
A mental health condition exhibited by difficulty maintaining attention.
A disease caused by infection with the parasite Trypanosoma brucei.
A type of behavior intending to cause physical or mental harm.
Fear of places and situations that might cause panic, helplessness, or embarrassment.
A feeling of muscle quivering, restlessness, and inability to sit still, sometimes a side effect of antipsychotic or antidepressant medication.
A group of inherited disorders characterized by little or no melanin production.
A pattern of drinking that interferes with day-to-day activities.
A disturbance in behavior or mental acuity during or after alcohol consumption.
A chronic disease including uncontrolled drinking and preoccupation with alcohol.
An allergic response causing itchy, watery eyes, sneezing, and other similar symptoms.
Inflammation of the cavities and membranes in and around the nasal passages due to allergies.
Hair loss from the scalp or elsewhere, which can occur in men, women, and children.
Sudden hair loss that starts with 1 or more circular bald patches that may overlap.
Physical distress from difficulty adjusting to lower oxygen pressure at high altitude.
A painful dental condition occurring after an adult tooth is removed.
A progressive disease that destroys memory and other important mental functions.
A parasitic infection of the colon with the amoeba Entamoeba histolytica.
Inability to remember events for a period of time, often due to brain injury, illness, or the effects of drugs or alcohol.
The buildup of amyloid proteins in the heart, kidneys, liver, or other organs.
A nervous system disease that weakens muscles and impacts physical function.
A rare cancer that occurs in the short tube at the end of the rectum (anal canal).
A condition in which the blood doesn't have enough healthy red blood cells.
A genetic disorder causing developmental disabilities and nerve-related symptoms.
An intense negative emotion ranging from mild irritation to rage.
A type of chest pain caused by reduced blood flow to the heart.
Painless swelling under the skin, triggered by an allergy to animal dander, pollen, drugs, venom, food, or medication.
Inflammation and small tears in one or both corners of the mouth.
Physical discomfort in the ankle area, often including the joint or the tendon that connects the lower leg to the heel (Achilles tendon).
An eating disorder causing people to obsess about weight and what they eat.
A disorder in which the immune system mistakenly attacks normal proteins in the blood.
A dysfunction of a person's ways of thinking, perceiving situations, and relating to others.
Intense, excessive, and persistent worry and fear about everyday situations. Fast heart rate, rapid breathing, sweating, and feeling tired may occur.
A mental condition in which excessive, ongoing worry interferes with regular activities.
A tear in the inner layer of the large blood vessel branching off the heart (aorta).
Narrowing of the valve in the large blood vessel branching off the heart (aorta).
Feeling indifferent or lacking emotion, often a sign of depression or misuse of alcohol or drugs.
A language disorder that affects a person's ability to communicate.
A rare condition in which the body stops producing enough new blood cells.
A condition in which the appendix becomes inflamed and filled with pus, causing pain.
Cancer of the finger-shaped pouch attached to the colon (appendix).
Inability to perform a movement or task when asked despite having the desire and physical capability to carry it out.
Difficulty with skilled movements even when a person has the ability and desire to do them.
A condition in which brain tissue extends into the spinal canal, present at birth.
An abnormal connection between arteries and veins, usually in the brain or spine.
Inflammation of 1 or more joints, causing pain and stiffness that can worsen with age.
Abdominal swelling caused by accumulation of fluid, most often related to liver disease.
A developmental disorder affecting ability to effectively socialize and communicate.
A lung infection caused by unintentional inhalation of food, drink, vomit, or saliva.
A condition in which a person's airways narrow and swell and produce extra mucus.
Impaired balance or coordination, can be due to damage to brain, nerves, or muscles.
Complete or partial collapse of a lung or a section (lobe) of a lung.
A mass of fats, cholesterol, and other substances (plaque) in an artery.
The buildup of fats, cholesterol, and other substances in and on the artery walls.
An irregular, often rapid heart rate that commonly causes poor blood flow.
A condition in which the heart's upper chambers (atria) beat too quickly.
A birth defect that causes a hole in the wall between the heart's upper chambers (atria).
Wasting or degeneration of cells, tissues or organs, caused by a number of conditions.
A condition marked by hyperactivity, impulsiveness, and trouble keeping attention.
A chronic condition including attention difficulty, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness.
Symptoms or sensations, such as flashing lights or zigzag lines, which typically precede migraine headache, seizure, or other neurological events.
A serious developmental disorder that impairs the ability to communicate and interact.
A condition in which the immune system attacks the thyroid gland.
A lack of the recommended blood levels of 1 or more essential vitamins.
A disorder characterized by social discomfort and avoidance of interpersonal contact.
A complete absence of sperm from the fluid ejaculated during orgasm (semen).
Elevated levels of urea and other nitrogen compounds in the blood.
Predictable periods of significant distress in an otherwise well-fed, healthy baby.
Physical discomfort occurring anywhere on the spine or back, ranging from mild to disabling.
Damage to the lower portion of the tube that connects the mouth and stomach (esophagus).
A fluid-filled swelling (cyst) in the Bartholin's glands, which lubricate the vagina.
An invasion of a type of bug that hides in beds, biting humans to feed on their blood.
Brief episodes of dizziness and a sensation of spinning with certain head movements.
Age-associated prostate gland enlargement that can cause urination difficulty.
A disease in which the body doesn't have enough vitamin B-1 (thiamin).
Pain that occurs when a gallstone is being passed and is blocking a bile duct, typically comes and goes in a fairly regular pattern.
Frequently consuming unusually large amounts of food in one sitting and feeling that eating behavior is out of control.
A type of bipolar disorder characterized by depressive and hypomanic episodes.
A disorder associated with mood swings ranging from depressive lows to manic highs.
Bird flu is a type of flu that rarely infects humans, but when it does, it's often deadly.
A skin abnormality that’s present when, or develops soon after, a baby is born.
A condition caused by bleeding under the skin around the eye, often resulting from an injury.
An open pore clogged with oil, which has turned brown when exposed to the air.
The release of blood from a broken blood vessel, either inside or outside the body.
An inflammation of the eyelid that affects the eyelashes or tear production.
Blood can appear with bowel movements because of irritation, constipation, hemorrhoids, digestive conditions, or colon cancer.
Any type of disease that spreads through exposure to human blood.
Multiple bluish or purplish marks on a baby’s skin due to formation of blood cell clusters.
A mental illness involving obsessive focus on a perceived flaw in appearance.
Odor caused by the combination of sweat and bacteria normally found on the skin.
When the body doesn't make new bone as quickly as it reabsorbs old bone.
A condition that occurs when cancer cells spread from their original site to a bone.
A bony growth that develops on the edge of a bone, sometimes causing symptoms.
A mass of unusual cells growing in a bone. Bone tumors may be cancerous or noncancerous.
A mental disorder marked by emotional instability and severely distorted self-image.
The state of feeling disinterested in one's surroundings, having nothing to do, or feeling that life is dull.
A rare poisoning caused by toxins produced by Clostridium botulinum bacteria.
Slower-than-expected heart rate, generally beating fewer than 60 beats per minute.
A condition in which there's no measurable activity in the brain and brainstem.
An emergency condition in which a ruptured blood vessel causes bleeding in the brain.
A cancerous or noncancerous mass or growth of abnormal cells in the brain.
A fluid-filled sac in the breast, which usually isn't cancerous.
Tightness, tenderness or sharp pain in one or both breasts that occurs commonly and usually doesn't mean anything serious is wrong.
A condition in which the lungs' airways become damaged, making it hard to clear mucus.
An inflammatory bronchial reaction in young children and infants.
Inflammation of the lining of bronchial tubes, which carry air to and from the lungs.
An infection spread from animals to people, mostly by unpasteurized dairy products.
Blood or bleeding under the skin due to trauma of any kind; typically black and blue at first, with color changes as healing progresses.
A rare but serious bacterial infection that's transmitted by fleas.
A serious eating disorder marked by binging, followed by methods to avoid weight gain.
A bony bump that forms on the joint at the base of the big toe.
Damage to the skin or deeper tissues caused by sun, fire, electricity, or chemicals.
Inflammation of the fluid-filled pads (bursae) that act as cushions at the joints.
Weight loss and muscle wasting that can’t be reversed simply by consuming more calories.
A general state of ill health involving marked weight loss and muscle loss.
A fungal infection typically on the skin or mucous membranes caused by candida.
A small, shallow sore inside the mouth or at the base of the gums.
A group of pus-filled bumps forming a connected area of infection under the skin.
A type of slow-growing cancer that can arise in several places throughout the body.
A slow-growing cancerous tumor that can grow in several places throughout the body.
A cancer developing from cells that line the skin or inner organs (epithelial cells).
Sudden, unexpected loss of heart function, breathing, and consciousness.
Improper beating of the heart, whether irregular, too fast, or too slow.
Compression of the heart caused by fluid collecting in the sac surrounding the heart.
A condition in which the heart suddenly can't pump enough blood.
An enlarged heart, which is usually a sign of another condition.
A condition of abnormal heart muscle, such as enlarged chambers or thickened walls.
A numbness and tingling in the hand and arm caused by a pinched nerve in the wrist.
An infection of the lymph nodes caused by a scratch or bite from a cat.
A group of movement abnormalities associated with mental illness.
A serious condition in which the nerves at the end of the spinal cord are compressed.
A deformity of the outer ear that may occur after injury to the ear.
An immune reaction to eating gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye.
Cancer of the cervix, the lower part of the uterus connected to the vagina.
The development of abnormal cells in the narrow neck of a woman's uterus (the cervix).
An infectious disease caused by a parasite found in the feces of the triatomine bug.
A slow-growing, inflammatory lump in the tear gland of the eyelid.
A group of hereditary disorders that damage the nerves in the arms and legs.
A sudden, involuntary contraction of one or more muscles (cramp), often in the legs.
Damage to the skin and the tissues below it caused by chemical contact.
Discomfort in the chest including a dull ache, a crushing or burning feeling, a sharp stabbing pain, and pain that radiates to the neck or shoulder.
A highly contagious viral infection causing an itchy, blister-like rash on the skin.
Skin sores or bumps that occurs after exposure to very cold temperatures.
A condition in which a child weighs well above normal for his or her age and height.
The feeling of being cold, though not necessarily in a cold environment, often accompanied by shivering.
A common sexually transmitted infection that may not cause symptoms.
Inability to breathe caused by a blockage in the throat or windpipe.
A cancer in the slender tubes that carry the digestive fluid bile through the liver.
Inflammation of the gallbladder, a small, digestive organ beneath the liver.
A bacterial disease causing severe diarrhea and dehydration, usually spread in water.
Any condition in which the flow of bile from the liver stops or slows.
A form of arthritis with sudden, painful swelling in 1 or more joints.
Extreme fatigue that can't be explained by an underlying medical condition.
A condition that causes increasing weakness in the legs and arms.
A slowly progressing, uncommon type of blood cell cancer that begins in bone marrow.
A group of lung diseases that block airflow and make it difficult to breathe.
A long-term condition in which leg veins don't return blood properly to the heart.
Pain, commonly in the legs, caused by too little blood flow, usually during exercise. Often indicates peripheral artery disease.
Inflammation of the colon caused by the bacteria Clostridium difficile.
A common birth defect in which the foot is twisted out of shape or position.
A rare condition in which headaches occur in patterns or clusters.
A narrowing of the large blood vessel (aorta) that leads from the heart.
Pain in or around the bony structure at the bottom of the spine (coccyx, or tailbone).
A cancer of the colon or rectum, which may begin as noncancerous polyps.
A period of prolonged unconsciousness brought on by illness or injury.
An open (blackhead) or closed (whitehead) skin pore or hair follicle clogged with oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria.
A common type of pneumonia that occurs outside of health care facilities.
Too much pressure in the tissue compartments that separate muscle groups.
Chronic arm or leg pain developing after injury, surgery, stroke, or heart attack.
Thoughts, urges, or behaviors that persist despite negatively affecting health, job, or relationships.
A persistent difficulty discarding or parting with possessions because of a perceived need to save them.
Brain injury caused by a blow to the head or a violent shaking of the head and body.
A group of emotional and behavioral conditions in children and teens.
Hearing loss caused by a physical condition in the outer or middle ear.
A group of genetic conditions limiting hormone production in the adrenal glands.
A condition that occurs in a baby whose mother is infected with the rubella virus.
Inflammation or infection of the outer membrane of the eyeball and the inner eyelid.
Tightening or shortening of muscle, commonly in reference to uterine contractions during childbirth.
A condition in which emotional stress is converted to physical symptoms.
A loss of consciousness accompanied by violent muscle contractions.
Thick, hardened layers of skin caused by friction and pressure.
An inflammation of the cartilage that connects a rib to the breastbone.
A sudden, forceful hacking sound to release air and clear an irritation in the throat or airway.
A birth condition in which 1 or more joints in a baby's skull close too soon.
Crackling or grating sound caused by bones rubbing against each other, also called creaky joints.
A degenerative brain disorder that leads to dementia and death.
A chronic inflammatory bowel disease that affects the lining of the digestive tract.
An upper airway infection that blocks breathing and has a distinctive barking cough.
A testicle that hasn't moved into the bag of skin below the penis before birth.
A condition that occurs from exposure to high cortisol levels for a long time.
Bluish or grayish color of the skin, nails, lips, or around the eyes.
An abnormal, usually noncancerous growth filled with liquid or a semisolid substance, sometimes causing pain.
An inherited life-threatening disorder that damages the lungs and digestive system.
A tapeworm infection that affects the brain, muscle, and other tissues.
A congenital brain condition affecting the part of the brain controlling movement.
A painful condition affecting the tendons on the thumb side of the wrist.
Osteoarthritis of the spine, usually in the neck or lower back.
A significant loss of body fluid that impairs normal body functions.
Serious disturbance in mental abilities that results in confused thinking and reduced awareness of surroundings.
Severe alcohol withdrawal symptoms such as shaking, confusion, and hallucinations.
A belief or altered reality that is persistently held despite evidence or agreement to the contrary, generally in reference to a mental disorder.
A group of thinking and social symptoms that interferes with daily functioning.
Any condition that damages the sheath that protects the brain and spinal nerves.
A mosquito-borne disease occurring in tropical and subtropical areas.
Permanently damaged areas in teeth that develop into tiny holes (cavities).
The persistent feeling of observing oneself from outside one’s body or having a sense that one’s surroundings aren't real.
Inflammation of the skin with many causes and forms, often causing itching and a rash.
A chronic, very itchy skin rash made up of bumps and blisters.
A condition in which scratching the skin causes raised, hive-like lines.
An inflammatory disease marked by muscle weakness and skin rash.
A small, noncancerous lump (cyst) in the skin, often near the eye, present at birth.
A childhood developmental disorder marked by clumsiness in otherwise healthy kids.
A disorder of salt and water metabolism marked by intense thirst and heavy urination.
A group of diseases that result in too much sugar in the blood, or high blood glucose.
An open sore or wound that occurs in people who have diabetes.
A serious diabetes complication where the body produces excess blood acids (ketones).
Loose, watery bowel movements that may occur frequently and with a sense of urgency.
A condition in which the large abdominal muscles separate during pregnancy.
A condition in which the heart's left ventricle can't relax or fill fully.
Managing consumption of food and drink with the intent to lose, gain, or maintain weight.
A common, fast-growing form of cancer of the lymph glands or nodes.
A disease of the heart muscle, primarily affecting the left ventricle.
An injury in which the upper arm bone comes out of the shoulder blade socket.
Condition affecting the blood's ability to clot and stop bleeding.
Disconnection and lack of continuity between thoughts, memories, surroundings, actions, and identity.
A disorder characterized by the presence of 2 or more distinct personality states.
A common condition in which a large bone near the wrist breaks.
An inflammation or infection in 1 or more small pouches in the digestive tract.
A condition in which small, bulging pouches develop in the digestive tract.
Altered sense of balance and place, possibly described as lightheaded, feeling faint, or as if head is spinning.
A genetic chromosome 21 disorder causing developmental and intellectual delays.
A parasitic infection occurring in parts of Africa without access to safe water.
Death caused by suffocation when water or other liquid fills the lungs.
Physical and mental symptoms that occur after stopping or reducing intake of a drug.
An inherited disorder of progressive muscular weakness, typically in boys.
A type of breast cancer that starts in a milk duct of the breast.
A gradual thickening and tightening of tissue under the skin in the hand.
Short height that results from a genetic or medical condition.
Weakness in the muscles used for speech, which often causes slowed or slurred speech.
A dysfunction of the nerves that regulate nonvoluntary body functions, such as heart rate, blood pressure, and sweating.
Inflammation of the intestines accompanied by bloody diarrhea.
Abnormally elevated cholesterol or fats (lipids) in the blood.
Cramps and pelvic pain with menstruation, with common causes such as heavy flow, passing clots, uterine fibroids, or endometriosis.
Persistent or recurrent genital pain that occurs just before, during, or after intercourse.
Difficulty swallowing foods or liquids, arising from the throat or esophagus, ranging from mild difficulty to complete and painful blockage.
An impairment or change in voice quality that affects the ability to speak or sing.
Involuntary muscle contractions that cause repetitive or twisting movements.
Pain in the inner or outer ear that may interfere with ability to hear, often caused by excess fluid and infection.
A virus that causes severe bleeding, organ failure, and can lead to death.
A large, blue or purplish bruise under the skin that changes color over time before fading.
Seizures in a pregnant woman or in a woman shortly after childbirth.
A pregnancy in which the fertilized egg implants outside the uterus.
Excess fluid trapped in soft tissue, most noticeably occurs in the hands, ankles, and feet.
A condition that causes severe developmental delays due to an extra chromosome 18.
A common allergy in which the body reacts to the consumption of eggs.
A group of inherited disorders that mostly affect the skin, joints, and blood vessels.
Physical discomfort in the elbow joint, or in the muscles, tendons, and ligaments supporting it.
Injury to the body from direct contact with a high-voltage source.
Swelling of the limbs caused by a blockage in the lymphatic system.
A blockage of blood supply to part of the brain caused by a clot or debris (embolus).
A broad term for any brain disease that alters brain function or structure.
A condition in which a child resists having bowel movements, causing impacted stool to collect in the colon and rectum and lead to leakage.
An infection of the heart's inner lining, usually involving the heart valves.
A type of cancer that begins in the lining of the womb (uterus).
A usually noncancerous growth attached to the inner wall of the womb (uterus).
A disorder in which tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside the uterus.
A high level of disease-fighting white blood cells known as eosinophils in the blood.
Inflammation or injury to the tube connecting the mouth to the stomach.
Clusters of pigment cells in the skin, also known as freckles.
A group of conditions in which injury, heat, or friction makes the skin blister.
Inflammation of the tube at the back of the testicle that stores and carries sperm.
A condition in which the lid over the windpipe swells, blocking air to the lungs.
A disorder in which nerve cell activity in the brain is disturbed, causing seizures.
Occurs when a man can't get or keep an erection firm enough for sexual intercourse.
Excess gas in the stomach or upper intestine released from the mouth, also known as burping or belching.
A painful disorder characterized by tender bumps (nodules) under the skin.
Fear of the color red, often accompanied by fear of blood or blushing.
Dead tissue that eventually sloughs off healthy skin after an injury.
Cancer of the tube that runs from the throat to the stomach (esophagus).
Abnormal veins in the lower part of the tube running from the throat to the stomach.
Inflammation that damages the tube running from the throat to the stomach (esophagus).
An extreme, unrealistic feeling of physical and emotional well-being, feeling "high."
Bulging of the eyes, which causes the eyes to move out of the sockets in one or both eyes.
Fluid that has leaked out of blood vessels into or on nearby tissues.
Physical discomfort in the eye's surface or deep within the eye, ranging from a slight irritation to severe pain.
Inherited blood-clotting disorder due to a mutation of the blood's factor V protein.
A condition in which a woman who isn't pregnant believes that she is.
A vision condition in which objects far away are seen more clearly than objects close up.
Feeling overtired, with low energy and a strong desire to sleep that interferes with normal daily activities.
An unpleasant feeling triggered by the perception of danger, real or imagined.
Convulsion in a child that may be caused by a spike in body temperature (fever).
Hardened stool that's stuck in the rectum or lower colon due to chronic constipation.
Physical and mental damage in a child due to alcohol exposure while in the womb.
A temporary increase in average body temperature of 98.6 F (37 C).
A prolonged fever without an established cause despite testing.
A noncancerous breast tumor that most often occurs in young women.
Noncancerous changes that give a breast a lumpy or ropelike texture.
A common and highly contagious childhood ailment causing a distinctive face rash.
A condition in which the entire sole of the foot touches the floor when standing.
Spots in vision that look like black or gray specks or strings that drift across the eyes.
Infection of 1 or more of the pockets from which hair grows (follicles).
An unpleasant or dangerous immune system reaction after a certain food is eaten.
Illness caused by food contaminated with bacteria, viruses, parasites, or toxins.
Parasitic worm infections that cause severe liver and lung disease.
A general term for difficulty lifting the front part of the foot, sometimes called drop foot.
Sweating and flushing of a patch of skin near the ear with eating.
A condition in which skin and the tissue just below the skin freeze.
A painful, pus-filled bump under the skin caused by infected, inflamed hair follicles.
A condition causing red blood cells to break down during stress or infection.
A condition in which the body can't use a simple sugar to produce energy.
Conditions affecting the gallbladder, a small organ that helps digestion.
A hardened deposit of fluid in the gallbladder, a small organ under the liver.
A noncancerous lump, often on the tendons or joints of wrists and hands.
Symptoms that occur when undigested stomach contents move into the small bowel.
Any of a group of conditions in which the stomach lining is inflamed.
An intestinal infection marked by diarrhea, cramps, nausea, vomiting, and fever.
Digestive disease in which stomach acid or bile irritates the food pipe lining.
A condition in which a hole develops in a digestive organ or tract.
A digestive tract tumor that most often occurs in the stomach or small intestine.
A condition that affects the stomach muscles and prevents proper stomach emptying.
A condition in which part of a newborn's intestines sticks out of the belly at birth.
An inherited condition in which an enzyme that breaks down fat doesn't work properly.
Severe, ongoing anxiety that interferes with daily activities.
A common sexually transmitted infection marked by genital pain and sores.
A small bump on the genitals caused by a common sexually transmitted infection.
A condition in which the knees stay apart even when standing with feet and ankles together, also known as bowlegs.
A condition that causes harmless tongue patches resembling smooth, red islands.
Unusual growth from overproduction of growth hormone during childhood.
A mild condition in which the liver doesn't properly process bilirubin.
The sensation of having a lump or something stuck in the throat.
Inflammation of the tiny filters in the kidneys that remove waste from blood.
A condition in which the tongue swells, changes color, and looks smooth.
Sensitivity to gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye.
Abnormal enlargement of the butterfly-shaped gland below the Adam's apple (thyroid).
A sexually transmitted bacterial infection that, if untreated, may cause infertility.
A form of arthritis characterized by severe pain, redness, and tenderness in joints.
A condition that occurs when donor bone marrow or stem cells attack the recipient.
Ring-patterned red or skin-colored bumps usually on the hands and feet.
An immune system disorder of the butterfly-shaped gland in the throat (thyroid).
Strep throat, scarlet fever, and related infections caused by group A streptococcus.
An infection caused by a common bacterium (group B streptococcus).
Feeling responsible or regretful for a perceived offense, real or imaginary.
A skin condition of tiny, drop-shaped sores on trunk, arms, legs, and scalp.
A serious complication of high blood pressure during pregnancy.
Progressive loss of hair from the scalp beyond normal hair loss of less than 100 hair strands a day.
A temporary condition in which the tongue appears dark and furry.
A persistent, unpleasant odor in exhaled breath, usually not serious, commonly called bad breath.
A perception of having seen, heard, touched, tasted, or smelled something that wasn't actually there.
A foot condition in which the toe has an abnormal bend in the middle joint.
A common children's virus causing sores in the mouth and a rash on hands and feet.
Unpleasant symptoms that occur after excessive alcohol intake.
A group of viruses carried by rodents that can cause serious disease.
A condition in which a newborn has hard, thick skin in diamond patterns.
When the immune system attacks the butterfly-shaped gland in the neck (thyroid).
A painful sensation in any part of the head, ranging from sharp to dull, that may occur with other symptoms.
A chronic condition in which the heart doesn't pump blood as well as it should.
Sound of blood flowing through the heart, due to anything from healthy heart exertion during exercise to a diseased heart valve or other abnormality.
Any condition that prevents 1 or more heart valves from working properly.
Burning pain or discomfort in the upper chest and midchest, possibly involving the neck and throat, that may worsen when lying down.
Physical discomfort on the back or the underside of the heel that may make walking uncomfortable or difficult.
A bony growth that develops around the heel bone, sometimes causing pain.
A birthmark often appearing as a rubbery, bright red nodule of extra blood vessels.
A collection of blood in an organ or tissue, usually from a ruptured blood vessel.
Blood in the urine may range from very obvious to microscopic and not visible at all.
Muscle weakness or partial paralysis on one side of the body that can affect the arms, legs, and facial muscles.
A condition in which red blood cells are destroyed faster than the body makes them.
A condition in which a newborn's blood is damaged by antibodies from the mother.
A condition in which a buildup of white blood cells harms the liver and spleen.
Coughing up blood, in small amounts mixed with sputum brought up by a forceful cough or large amounts of bright red blood, which is more serious.
Internal or external bleeding that may occur anywhere, and depending on the location, may range from a bruise to a life-threatening brain bleed.
Swollen and inflamed veins in the rectum and anus that cause discomfort and bleeding.
A disorder causing inflammation and bleeding in the small blood vessels.
The loss of brain function when a damaged liver doesn't remove toxins from the blood.
A highly contagious liver infection caused by the hepatitis A virus.
An infection caused by a virus that attacks the liver and leads to inflammation.
A bulging of an organ or tissue through an abnormal opening, typically in the belly.
A common childhood illness often caused by group A coxsackie viruses.
Infection with the herpes simplex virus around the border of the lips (oral herpes).
A virus causing contagious sores most often around the mouth or on the genitals.
A reactivation of the chickenpox virus in the body, causing a painful rash (shingles).
A condition in which the colored part of the eye (iris) is multicolored.
A condition in which part of the stomach pushes up through the diaphragm muscle.
Involuntary spasms of the diaphragm, usually short-lived and not a sign of something serious.
A chronic skin condition featuring lumps in places such as the armpits or groin.
A mild version of a developmental condition affecting a child's ability to interact.
A break in the upper quarter of the thighbone, near the hip joint.
Physical discomfort in the hip, which varies from mild to severe.
Swelling of the tissues (tendons) connecting muscle to the bone in the hip joint.
A condition of the large intestine (colon) that causes difficulty passing stool.
Unwanted male-pattern hair growth on a woman's face, chest, and back.
Welts on the skin triggered by a reaction to food, medicine, or other irritants.
Cancer of the part of the immune system called the lymphatic system.
Symptoms of a disrupted nerve pathway from the brain to the face and eye on one side.
Feelings of opposition, unkindness, or unfriendliness toward something or someone.
Sudden feeling of warmth, usually most intense over the face, neck, and chest, and profuse sweating, commonly due to menopause.
An infection that causes warts in various parts of the body, depending on the strain.
An inherited condition in which nerve cells in the brain break down over time.
A tapeworm infection that affects the liver, lungs, brain, and other organs.
A fluid-filled sac around a testicle, often first noticed as swelling of the scrotum.
A serious condition in which extra fluid builds up inside a fetus or newborn.
High amounts of the waxy substance found in fats in the blood (high cholesterol).
Abnormally excessive sweating involving the extremities, underarms, and face, usually unrelated to body temperature or exercise.
A condition in which there are high levels of fat-like substances (lipids) in the blood.
An excess of the hormone made by 4 small glands in the neck (parathyroid glands).
An obsession with sexual thoughts, urges, or behaviors that may cause distress or that negatively affects health, job, or relationships.
A condition in which the force of the blood against the artery walls is too high.
A severe increase in blood pressure that can lead to a stroke.
A dangerously overheated body, usually in response to prolonged, hot, humid weather.
The overproduction of a hormone by the butterfly-shaped gland in the neck (thyroid).
A high level of a certain type of fat (triglycerides) in the blood.
A condition in which the heart muscle becomes abnormally thick.
A condition in which the liquid portion of the blood (plasma) is too high.
Obsession with the idea of having a serious but undiagnosed medical condition.
A decreased sense of touch or sensation, also called numbness.
A failure of the gonads, testes in men and ovaries in women, to function properly.
A condition that occurs when the level of sodium in the blood is too low.
A condition in which the left side of the heart is underdeveloped at birth.
A condition in which the opening that drains urine is on the underside of the penis.
Low blood pressure, which can cause fainting or dizziness because the brain doesn't receive enough blood.
When the body loses heat faster than it can produce heat, causing a dangerously low body temperature.
A condition in which the thyroid gland doesn't produce enough of some hormones.
A condition in which the liquid portion of the blood (plasma) is too low.
An absence of enough oxygen in the blood to sustain bodily functions.
The creation of additional problems or complications resulting from medical treatment.
A group of skin disorders characterized by dry, scaly, or thickened skin.
Low levels of the blood cells that prevent bleeding (platelets).
Inability of the intestine (bowel) to contract normally and move waste out of the body.
A painful knee condition in which connective tissue rubs against the thighbone.
Yellow tint of the skin due to high levels of a substance called bilirubin, with causes ranging from gallstones to liver or pancreatic cancer.
A highly contagious skin infection that causes red sores on the face.
Shoulder pain caused by connective tissue (a tendon) rubbing on a shoulder blade.
A group of conditions in which the body can't properly convert food into energy.
Upper abdominal discomfort, described as burning sensation, bloating or gassiness, nausea, or feeling full too quickly after starting to eat.
A yellow tint to the skin in newborns due to temporarily elevated bilirubin levels, a condition that must be carefully monitored.
Often called mono or kissing disease, an infection with the Epstein-Barr virus.
Not getting pregnant despite having frequent, unprotected sex for 1 year.
An immune response that causes redness and swelling of an area on the body or possibly tissues within the body.
A rare, rapidly developing cancer that makes the breast red, swollen, and tender.
A common, sometimes deadly viral infection that attacks the lungs, nose, and throat.
A shaved or tweezed hair that grows back into the skin, causing inflammation.
A condition in which soft tissue bulges through a weak point in the abdominal muscles.
The bite of an insect, such as a bee or mosquito, which usually causes mild symptoms.
A resistance to the hormone insulin, resulting in increasing blood sugar.
Below average intelligence and set of life skills present before age 18.
Bleeding inside the body, particularly in the chest or belly cavities, or into muscles.
A group of disorders that cause progressive scarring of lung tissue.
Skin inflammation, usually in warm, moist areas, such as the groin or between skin folds.
A weakness in a blood vessel in the brain that balloons and fills with blood.
A condition in which a baby does not grow to normal weight during pregnancy.
A condition in which part of the intestine slides into an adjacent part of the intestine.
Too few healthy red blood cells due to too little iron in the body.
Missed, delayed, or erratic periods or abnormal bleeding patterns.
Feelings of frustration or anger, often over seemingly small matters.
An intestinal disorder causing pain in the belly, gas, diarrhea, and constipation.
A patchwork of inflamed, bright red skin on a baby's bottom (diaper rash).
An infection found in Asia and the west Pacific that can cause brain swelling.
A yellow tint to the skin or eyes caused by an excess of bilirubin, a substance created when red blood cells break down.
A sleep disorder that can affect those who travel quickly across multiple time zones.
An injury where bone joints are forced out of normal position.
Physical discomfort where two or more bones meet to form a joint, ranging from mild to disabling.
A condition that causes inflammation in the walls of some blood vessels in the body.
Inflammation of the clear tissue on the front of the eye (cornea).
Dry eye that occurs when tears aren't able to provide adequate moisture.
A condition in which the clear tissue on the front of the eye (cornea) bulges outward.
A condition that causes rough patches and small, acnelike bumps on the skin.
Life-threatening disturbance of metabolism most often seen in uncontrolled diabetes.
Physical discomfort in the kidneys, organs located under the lower ribs in the back.
A small, hard deposit that forms in the kidneys and is often painful when passed.
An impulse control disorder that results in an irresistible urge to steal.
A genetic condition in which a boy is born with an extra copy of the X chromosome.
Pain in or around the knee that may indicate a condition affecting the knee joint itself or the soft tissue around the knee.
Malnutrition produced by a severely inadequate amount of protein in the diet.
Inflammation of the inner ear or the nerves that connect the inner ear to the brain.
A condition in which lactic acid builds up in the blood faster than it can be removed.
The inability to fully digest sugar (lactose) in dairy products.
An inflammation of the voice box from overuse, irritation, or infection.
A disorder that affects ability to acquire and use academic skills, such as reading and calculating.
A delay or blockage of electrical impulses to the left side of the heart.
Enlargement of muscle tissue in the heart's lower left chamber (ventricle).
Physical discomfort in part or all of the leg that can vary in intensity.
A noncancerous soft tissue tumor that develops from smooth muscle.
A chronic, curable infectious disease mainly causing skin lesions and nerve damage.
A bacterial disease spread through the urine of infected animals.
An abnormal area of tissue inside or outside the body that may get bigger or change appearance, and may or may not be cancerous.
A state of weariness that involves diminished energy, mental capacity, and motivation.
A cancer of blood-forming tissues, hindering the body's ability to fight infection.
A low level of white blood cells in the blood, which can interfere with the ability to fight infection.
A chronic condition that causes thin, white patches of skin, usually in the genital area.
Walking with an impaired gait, usually favoring one leg over the other.
A fatty lump most often situated between the skin and underlying muscle layer.
A potentially serious infection that can be contracted from meat and dairy products.
Physical discomfort in the liver, an organ located in the upper right belly.
A heart rhythm disorder that can potentially cause fast, chaotic heartbeats.
Physical discomfort with pain affecting the lower half of the back, varying in intensity from a dull ache to incapacitating.
A cancer that begins in the lungs and most often occurs in people who smoke.
A tick-borne illness caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi.
A tropical, parasitic disease that affects the lymph nodes and lymph vessels.
Swelling in an arm or leg caused by a lymphatic system blockage.
A mood disorder causing a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest.
A condition that prevents absorption of nutrients through the small intestine.
A general sense of being unwell, often accompanied by fatigue, diffuse pain, or lack of interest in activities.
A disease caused by a parasite, transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes.
Severe reaction to anesthesia drugs causing a high temperature and muscle break down.
To intentionally pretend to have a disease in order to achieve another goal.
Extremely elevated and excitable mood usually associated with bipolar disorder.
Condition that makes it hard to break down certain parts of protein (amino acids).
Too many of a type of disease-fighting and wound-healing cells (mast cells).
An infection that affects the mastoid bone, located behind the ear.
A noncancerous mole caused by a disorder of pigment-producing skin cells.
An inner ear disorder that causes a spinning sensation, ear ringing, and hearing loss.
A tumor that arises from the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
Inflammation of brain and spinal cord membranes, typically caused by an infection.
A serious bacterial infection that affects the brain and spinal cord.
Inflammation of the brain and surrounding tissues, usually caused by infection.
The permanent end of fertility, signaled by 12 months since last menstruation.
A nerve condition characterized by tingling, numbness, and pain in the outer thigh.
A tumor of the tissue that lines the lungs, stomach, heart, and other organs.
Too much of a certain type of the chemical bicarbonate in the body.
A cluster of conditions that increases the risk of heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.
Bleeding from the uterus that occurs in between periods, may occur every few weeks, and the flow may be heavier than usual.
Discomfort in the area of the spine between the base of the neck to the bottom of the ribcage.
An intense headache often accompanied by nausea and sensitivity to light and sound.
A skin condition caused by blocked sweat ducts and trapped sweat beneath the skin.
Contraction of the pupil, which can be temporary or permanent, depending on the cause.
Spontaneous loss of a pregnancy before the 20th week, most often before the 12th week.
A disorder that occurs when structures that produce energy for a cell malfunction.
Improper closure of the valve between the heart's upper and lower left chambers.
A backflow of blood caused by failure of the heart's mitral valve to close tightly.
A noncancerous tumor that develops in the womb (uterus), also called molar pregnancy.
A viral skin infection that results in round, firm, painless bumps.
An unexplained skin disorder that produces crawling sensations and skin sores.
Nausea with or without vomiting during pregnancy, usually early pregnancy, at any time of day.
A thickening of the tissue around a nerve leading to the toes.
One or more painful sores on inner lips, gums, tongue, roof of the mouth, or throat that may interfere with eating, such as a canker sore.
A disease in which the immune system eats away at nerves' protective covering.
A severe mental condition in which someone pretends to be sick for no obvious reason.
A severe mental condition in which someone imposes symptoms on a healthy person.
Involuntary contractions of a muscle, typically harmless and temporary, but can be painful.
Soreness and achiness in the muscles that can range from mild to severe.
A group of genetic diseases that cause progressive weakness and loss of muscle mass.
A weakness and rapid fatigue of muscles under voluntary control.
Dilated pupils, which may occur normally or in response to a trauma, illness, or drugs.
A group of disorders caused when something disrupts the production of blood cells.
A serious bone marrow condition that disrupts blood cell production.
A blockage of blood flow to the heart, also known as a heart attack.
A condition in which close objects appear clearly, far ones don't (nearsightedness).
A muscle disease featuring an inability to relax muscles at will.
Personality qualities include thinking very highly of oneself, needing admiration, believing others are inferior, and lacking empathy for others.
A disorder in which a person has an inflated sense of self-importance.
A chronic sleep disorder that causes overwhelming daytime drowsiness.
Nasal passages swollen with excess fluid and mucus, may be triggered by infection, tobacco smoke, or perfume.
A cancer of the area behind the nose and above the back of the throat (nasopharynx).
Pain in the neck and shoulder that varies in intensity, and may feel achy or like an electric shock from the neck to the arm.
A prick from a needle that has someone else's blood or body fluid on it.
A liver condition that causes yellowing of a newborn baby's skin and eyes.
A life-threatening, vaccine-preventable bacterial infection in newborns.
A condition in which a kidney defect disrupts how the body handles fluids.
A kidney disorder that causes the body to excrete too much protein in the urine.
A condition in which a nerve is damaged due to overuse or compression.
A condition in which the neuroendocrine cells develop into tumors.
A condition that causes tumors to form in the brain, spinal cord, and nerves.
Condition in which the bladder doesn't function properly due to brain or nerve damage.
A disorder that causes swelling of the eye nerves and the spinal cord.
Joint deterioration from nerve damage caused by diabetes (Charcot joint).
An abnormally low count of a type of white blood cell (neutrophils).
Symptoms that occur after a person quits smoking cigarettes or using tobacco.
Significant perspiration during sleep, usually has an underlying cause such as menopause, an illness, or medication side effect.
Episodes of screaming, intense fear, and flailing while still asleep, often paired with sleepwalking.
Frightening dreams, usually during REM sleep, that are normal and common in children under 10 and can also affect teens and adults.
Nighttime loss of bladder control, or bed-wetting, usually in children.
Fluid-filled or solid lump that often doesn't indicate anything serious is wrong.
One of two major types of lung cancer that can affect smokers and nonsmokers.
The accumulation of liver fat in people who drink little or no alcohol.
A genetic condition preventing normal development in parts of the body.
Bleeding from the nose, either spontaneous or induced by trauma.
Any condition caused by poor diet or inability of the body to use certain nutrients.
An involuntary eye movement which may cause the eye to rapidly move from side to side, up and down, or in a circle, and may slightly blur vision.
A disorder involving excessive body fat that increases the risk of health problems.
Excessive thoughts (obsessions) that lead to repetitive behaviors (compulsions).
A severe headache that begins at the back of the neck and spreads upward.
Inflammation of a small sac of fluid (olecranon bursa) on the tip of the elbow.
A condition in which the corner or side of a toenail grows into the flesh.
A nail fungus causing thickened, brittle, crumbly, or ragged nails.
An often harmless infection that becomes serious due to a weakened immune system.
A disorder in a child marked by defiant and disobedient behavior to authority figures.
An infection in which the fungus Candida albicans accumulates in the mouth.
Discomfort when breathing while lying down flat; common in people with some types of heart or lung conditions.
A form of low blood pressure that happens when standing up from sitting or lying down.
A childhood repetitive use injury that causes a painful lump below the kneecap.
Bone formation, generally referring to soft tissues becoming calcified and hardened.
Type of arthritis that occurs when flexible tissue at the ends of bones wears down.
A group of inherited disorders characterized by fragile bones that break easily.
Inflammation of bone caused by infection, generally in the legs, arm, or spine.
A type of bone cancer that begins in the cells that form bones.
An inflammation of the inner, middle, or outer ear, often with infection.
An infection of the outer ear canal, also called swimmer's ear.
An infection of the air-filled space behind the eardrum (the middle ear).
A cancer that begins in the female organs that produce eggs (ovaries).
A solid or fluid-filled sac or pocket (cyst) within or on the surface of an ovary.
A condition in which the ovaries swell and get painful from excess hormone.
A problem with bladder function that causes the sudden need to urinate.
Weight above what's considered healthy, often measured using body mass index (BMI).
Usually one-sided, lower belly pain associated with normal ovulation.
An imbalance between levels of antioxidants and free radicals in the body.
A disease that disrupts the replacement of old bone tissue with new bone tissue.
A form of breast cancer affecting the nipple and dark circle of skin around it.
Physical discomfort ranging from mild to severe, usually caused by injury, illness, or a nerve condition.
A sensation that the heart is racing, pounding, fluttering, or skipping a beat, often bothersome, but hardly ever a sign of heart disease.
Cancer that begins in the organ lying behind the lower part of the stomach (pancreas).
An inflammation of the organ lying behind the lower part of the stomach (pancreas).
Condition in which blood has fewer red cells, white cells, and platelets than normal.
A sudden episode of intense fear that triggers severe physical reactions when there is no real danger or apparent cause.
Sudden episode of intense fear or anxiety and physical symptoms, based on a perceived threat rather than imminent danger.
Repeated episodes of sudden and intense fear when no real danger exists.
The most common form of cancer of the butterfly-shaped gland in the neck (thyroid).
A group of symptoms that develops in some people who have cancer.
An unrealistic distrust of others or a feeling of being persecuted. Extreme degrees may be a sign of mental illness.
Sexual behaviors generally considered harmful or unacceptable or that are illegal.
Paralysis that affects all or part of the trunk, legs, and pelvic organs.
Tingling or prickling, “pins-and-needles” sensation; usually temporary, often occurs in the arms, hands, legs, or feet.
A disorder of the nervous system that affects movement, often including tremor.
Inflammation of 1 or both of the largest saliva-producing glands inside the cheeks.
Pattern of indirectly expressing negative feelings instead of openly addressing them.
An injury to the tissue connecting the kneecap to the shinbone (patellar tendon).
A condition in which the cartilage under the kneecap is damaged due to injury or overuse.
Inappropriate involuntary laughing and crying due to a nervous system disorder.
The compulsive urge to lie about matters big and small, regardless of the situation.
A condition in which the breastbone protrudes outward abnormally.
Pain or discomfort, ranging from a sharp jab to a dull ache, in the lowest part of the abdomen and pelvis.
A disease in which cancer cells form in the tissues of the penis.
A rupture of 1 of the 2 cylinders responsible for erections of the penis.
A sore that develops on the lining of the esophagus, stomach, or small intestine.
A hole in the tissue that separates the ear canal from the middle ear.
A swelling and irritation of the thin saclike membrane surrounding the heart (pericardium).
A serious gum infection that damages gums and can destroy the jawbone.
Weakness, numbness, and pain from nerve damage, usually in the hands and feet.
A circulatory condition in which narrowed blood vessels reduce blood flow to the limbs.
Inflammation of the membrane lining the abdominal wall and covering the abdominal organs.
A decrease in red blood cells when the body can't absorb enough vitamin B-12.
A chronic state of brain dysfunction in which a person shows no signs of awareness.
Sweating from sweat glands, often in response to heat, exercise, or stress.
A group of disorders characterized by delayed social and communication development.
A condition in which the arch of the foot is higher than normal.
Tiny round brown-purple spots due to bleeding under the skin, may be in a small area due to minor trauma or widespread due to blood-clotting disorder.
Fibrous scar tissue inside the penis that causes curved, painful erections.
Inflammation of the throat, often accompanied by pain or soreness, usually caused by an infection.
A birth defect that causes an amino acid called phenylalanine to build up in the body.
A condition in which tight foreskin can't be pulled back over the head of the penis.
Mucus, thicker than normal due to illness or irritation, coughed up from the respiratory tract.
Skin inflammation caused by exposure to the sun or ultraviolet radiation.
Craving and chewing substances that have no nutritional value, such as ice, clay, soil, or paper.
An abnormal skin growth located at the tailbone that contains hair and skin.
A skin pore clogged with oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria, usually on the face, neck, chest, back, or shoulders.
A disorder in which the piriformis muscle irritates the sciatic nerve.
Noncancerous tumors in the pituitary gland that don't spread beyond the skull.
A skin rash that usually begins as a large spot on the chest, belly, or back.
Serious pregnancy complication in which the placenta detaches from the womb (uterus).
An inflammation of a thick band of tissue that connects the heel bone to the toes.
Hard, grainy growths that appear on the heels or balls of the feet.
May refer to a substance that collects in and hardens blood vessels, builds up on tooth enamel, or appears on skin due to certain conditions.
A buildup of fluid between the tissues that line the lungs and the chest.
Inflammation of the tissues that line the lungs and the chest.
A serious lung infection caused by the fungus Pneumocystis jiroveci.
Infection that inflames air sacs in 1 or both lungs, which may fill with fluid.
A general term that refers to inflamed lung tissue, but usually not to pneumonia.
An inherited disorder in which clusters of cysts develop in the kidneys.
A hormonal disorder causing enlarged ovaries with small cysts on the outer edges.
A slow-growing blood cancer in which bone marrow makes too many red blood cells.
A condition of having more than 5 digits on a hand or 5 toes on a foot.
A condition in which excess fluid develops in a pregnant woman's womb.
An inflammatory disorder causing muscle pain and stiffness around the shoulders and hips.
Disorders resulting from buildup of certain chemicals related to red blood cell proteins.
High blood pressure in the vein that carries blood from the intestine to the liver.
A complex disorder in which several post-concussion symptoms last for weeks or months.
Pain from shingles that lasts long after a shingles rash and blisters disappear.
Excess mucus that accumulates and drips down the back of the nose and throat.
A mental health condition triggered by experiencing or seeing a terrifying event.
Symptoms related to reduced blood volume that occur when standing up.
A pregnancy complication characterized by high blood pressure.
A condition in which a child's body begins changing into that of an adult too soon.
A condition in which blood sugar is high, but not high enough to be type 2 diabetes.
Orgasm and emission of semen occurring just before or shortly after beginning sexual intercourse.
Menopause occurring before age 40 caused by chemotherapy or surgical removal of the ovaries.
Extra, abnormal heartbeats that begin in one of the heart's two lower chambers.
A group of symptoms that occur in women, typically between ovulation and a period.
Injury to skin and underlying tissue resulting from prolonged pressure on the skin.
A prolonged erection of the penis, usually without sexual arousal.
Inflammation of the lining of the tube connected to the end of the colon (rectum).
A progressive genetic disorder that causes children to age rapidly.
A brain condition causing serious walking, balance, and eye movement problems.
A condition in which the hormone-producing gland in the brain overproduces prolactin.
A bulging or falling out of a body part, such as the rectum or vagina.
A cancer in a man's prostate, a small walnut-shaped gland that produces seminal fluid.
Swelling of the small walnut-shaped gland (prostate) that produces seminal fluid.
An itchy rash that commonly occurs during the last 3 months of pregnancy.
An uncomfortable, irritating sensation that creates an urge to scratch that can involve any part of the body.
A condition that occurs when pressure inside the skull increases for no obvious reason.
A condition in which skin cells build up and form scales and itchy, dry patches.
A form of arthritis that affects some people who have the skin condition psoriasis.
A mental disorder characterized by a disconnection from reality.
A growth that starts on the clear tissue of the eye that can spread to the cornea.
A condition in which food, liquids, saliva, or vomit is breathed into the airways.
A condition in which 1 or more pulmonary arteries in the lungs become blocked.
A type of high blood pressure that affects arteries in the lungs and in the heart.
A condition in which small blood vessels leak blood into the skin, joints, intestines, or organs, that may be caused by certain disorders or aging.
Thick fluid caused by infection that includes white blood cells and cellular debris, may be white, yellow, or pink or green tinged.
A condition in which the opening between the stomach and small intestine thickens.
Paralysis including the trunk, pelvic area, and both arms and legs.
A complication of tonsillitis in which the infection spreads behind the tonsils.
A deadly virus spread to people from the saliva of infected animals.
A disease of the root of a nerve, such as from a pinched nerve or a tumor.
A condition in which some areas of the body feel numb and cool in certain conditions.
A condition in which shaved beard hair curves into the skin, causing inflammation.
A condition that occurs when part of the large intestine slips outside the anus.
A condition in which the tissue wall between the rectum and vagina weakens.
Eye redness from irritated or inflamed blood vessels on the surface of the white part of the eye, commonly called bloodshot eyes.
When undigested or partially digested food comes back up through the esophagus and is reswallowed or spit out.
Joint pain and swelling triggered by an infection in another part of the body.
A type of kidney cancer that starts in the lining of small tubes in the kidney.
A condition in which the kidneys lose the ability to remove waste and balance fluids.
A term used to describe damage and pain caused by repetitive movement and overuse.
A condition in which the lungs can't remove all of the body's carbon dioxide.
A condition in which the legs feel extremely uncomfortable, typically in the evenings.
An emergency when part of the eye (the retina) pulls away from supportive tissue.
An eye disease in which the back wall of the eye (retina) is damaged.
An eye cancer that begins in the back of the eye (retina), most commonly in children.
A serious condition that causes swelling in the liver and brain.
A breakdown of muscle tissue that releases a damaging protein into the blood.
A disease that can result from inadequately treated strep throat or scarlet fever.
A chronic inflammatory disorder affecting small joints in the hands and feet.
An injury that occurs when one of the bones in the rib cage cracks.
A softening and weakening of bones in children, usually due to inadequate vitamin D.
A delay or blockage of electrical impulses to the right side of the heart.
A highly contagious, fungal infection of the skin or scalp caused by parasites.
A condition that causes redness and, often, small, red, pus-filled bumps on the face.
A common viral infection in young children that may cause high fever and a rash.
A tear in the tissues connecting muscle to bone (tendons) around the shoulder joint.
Swelling of the tissues (tendons) connecting the muscles and bones in the shoulder.
A group of viruses that commonly cause stomach upset and diarrhea, especially in children.
A contagious viral infection best known by its distinctive red rash.
Repeatedly spitting up undigested or partially digested food, then rechewing it or spitting it out.
Excess drainage, ranging from a clear fluid to thick mucus, from the nose and nasal passages.
An injury to the ring of fibrous tissue around the shoulder joint.
Inflammation of 1 or both of the joints that connect the lower spine and pelvis.
Feeling down or unhappy in response to grief, discouragement, or disappointment; if ongoing, may indicate depression.
An infection with salmonella bacteria, commonly caused by contaminated food or water.
The growth of tiny collections of inflammatory cells in different parts of the body.
A contagious, intensely itchy skin condition caused by a tiny, burrowing mite.
Menstrual periods that occur less often than the average 28-day cycle.
A growth of tissue marking the spot where skin has healed after an injury.
A bacterial illness that develops in some people who have strep throat.
A disease caused by parasitic worms found in certain freshwater snails.
A mental health condition including schizophrenia and mood disorder symptoms.
A condition in which people avoid social activities and interacting with others.
A brain disorder in which people interpret reality abnormally, such as hallucinations.
An often noncancerous tumor of the cells in the tissue that covers the nerves.
Pain radiating along the sciatic nerve, which runs down each leg from the lower back.
Chronic hardening and tightening of the skin and connective tissues.
A hardening of a tissue in the body from inflammation, scarring, or disease.
A mood disorder characterized by depression that occurs at the same time every year.
A skin condition that causes scaly patches and red skin, mainly on the scalp.
A noncancerous skin condition that appears as a waxy brown, black, or tan growth.
Uncontrolled jerking, loss of consciousness, blank stares, or other symptoms caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
A condition in which a child who can speak doesn't speak in certain situations.
The act of deliberately harming the surface of one's own body, such as cutting or burning.
Hearing loss caused by damage to the inner ear or the nerve from the ear to the brain.
A disorder in which a child becomes excessively anxious when separated from parents.
A life-threatening complication of an infection that's triggered by inflammation.
A widespread infection causing organ failure and dangerously low blood pressure.
Potentially life-threatening symptoms that can occur when antidepressants are taken with other medications that also raise serotonin levels.
A contagious and sometimes fatal respiratory illness caused by a coronavirus.
A serious, inherited inability to fight even mild infections (bubble boy disease).
Persistent, recurrent difficulty with sexual response, desire, orgasm, or pain.
A serious brain injury resulting from forcefully shaking an infant or toddler.
Pain along the shinbone, the large, front bone in the lower leg, caused by overuse.
Involuntary trembling of the body caused by muscle contractions.
Physical discomfort of the shoulder, including the joint itself or the muscles, tendons, and ligaments that support the joint.
Heart rhythm conditions in which the heart's natural pacemaker malfunctions.
A group of disorders that cause red blood cells to become misshapen and break down.
A condition in which a child inherits the sickle cell gene mutation from 1 parent.
A condition in which the cavities around the nasal passages become inflamed.
An immune system disorder characterized by dry eyes and dry mouth.
An infection of the skin caused by bacteria or by a fungus, virus, or parasite.
Temporary outbreak of red, bumpy, scaly, or itchy patches of skin, possibly with blisters or welts.
A common skin growth in which a short, narrow stalk sticks out of the skin.
A potentially serious sleep disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts.
A potentially serious sleep disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts.
A temporary inability to move or speak while falling asleep or upon waking.
A condition in which abnormally high numbers of bacteria grow in the small intestine.
A fast-growing type of lung cancer commonly caused by smoking.
A contagious, disfiguring, and often deadly disease caused by the smallpox virus.
A sudden blast of air or mucus expelled from the mouth and nose.
Hoarse or harsh sound from nose or mouth that occurs when breathing is partially obstructed while sleeping.
Chronic mental health condition in which social interactions cause irrational anxiety.
A group of infections including hookworm, roundworm, and whipworm.
A mental disorder in which someone has pain or symptoms without a physical cause.
Pain or irritation in the throat that can occur with or without swallowing and often accompanies infections, such as a cold or flu.
Muscle overactivity that occurs when communication between the brain and spinal cord is affected by injury or illness.
Occurs when one or more bones in the spine weaken and crumple.
Damage to any part of the spinal cord or nerves at the end of the spinal canal.
A condition that refers to a problem with a rubbery disk between the spinal bones.
A group of inflammatory conditions that cause arthritis, especially of the spine.
A spinal disorder in which a bone called a vertebra slips forward onto the bone below it.
A general term for age-related wear and tear of the spinal disks.
An infectious disease with a characteristic rash, often transmitted by the bite of a tick.
A stretching or tearing of ligaments, fibrous tissue that connects bones and joints.
An injury that occurs when the ankle rolls, twists, or turns in an awkward way.
An injury of the tissue (ligament) connecting the bones at the base of the thumb.
Thick mixture of saliva and phlegm that's coughed up from the respiratory tract.
An infection caused by usually harmless bacteria commonly found on the skin or in the nose.
An infection caused by staphylococcus bacteria commonly found on skin or in the nose.
An abnormal narrowing of an open space in the body, such as a blood vessel.
An abnormal narrowing of a blood vessel, duct, canal, or tube.
A sensation of soreness or discomfort in the neck when trying to move it or turn the head from side to side.
A condition in which the trunk and limbs stiffen, making it hard to walk.
A condition that causes painful swelling and sores inside the mouth.
Disorder in which the eyes don't look in exactly the same direction at the same time.
A stretching or tearing of a muscle or a tissue connecting muscle to bone (tendon).
Also called strep throat, a bacterial infection that may cause a sore, scratchy throat.
A tiny crack in a bone caused by repetitive stress or force, often from overuse.
Indented, reddened streaks that usually appear on the skin from rapid weight gain or from weight changes.
A high-pitched, whistling sound most often heard while taking in a breath.
A disruption of blood supply to part of the brain, starving brain tissue of oxygen.
A speech disorder involving frequent problems with the normal fluency and flow of speech.
A red, painful lump near the edge of the eyelid that may look like a boil or pimple.
Bleeding in the space between the brain and the tissue covering the brain.
A pattern of repeated drug or alcohol use that often interferes with health, work, or social relationships.
A type of skin burn resulting from too much exposure to sunlight or sunlamps.
A faster than normal heart rate beginning above the heart's 2 lower chambers.
Puffiness caused by excess fluid trapped in the body's tissues.
A human respiratory infection caused by an influenza strain that started in pigs.
Immune system glands that usually enlarge in response to a bacterial or viral infection, but sudden swelling of many lymph nodes may indicate cancer.
A condition in which high levels of a hormone cause the body to retain water.
A bacterial infection usually spread by sexual contact that starts as a painless sore.
An inflammatory disease caused when the immune system attacks its own tissues.
A rapid or pounding heartbeat that may be regular or irregular, but is out of proportion to age and level of exertion or activity.
A temporary heart condition that may feel like a heart attack.
A disorder of abnormal, involuntary and unwanted movements often caused by long-term use of certain psychiatric drugs.
A rare, inherited disorder that destroys nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord.
A common injury in which forceful twisting causes certain tissue in the knee to tear.
Dilated small blood vessels on the skin or mucous membranes, anywhere in the body.
A reversible condition in which hair falls out after a stressful experience.
An inflammation in the blood vessels, called arteries, in the temples.
Pain and compromised movement of the jaw joint and the surrounding muscles.
A condition in which the tissue connecting muscle to bone becomes inflamed.
A breakdown of tendon tissue caused by repetitive motions or overuse.
An irritation of the tissue connecting the forearm muscle to the elbow.
Inflammation of the tendon sheath where muscle connects to bone.
A mild to moderate pain often described as feeling like a tight band around the head.
A type of germ cell tumor that may contain several types of body tissue.
Cancer in the male organs that make male hormones and sperm (testicles).
A twisting of the male organ that makes hormones and sperm (testicle).
A serious bacterial infection that causes painful muscle spasms and can lead to death.
A rare condition caused by a combination of four heart defects that are present at birth.
A blood disorder involving less than normal amounts of an oxygen-carrying protein.
A craving for something to drink, often associated with dehydration.
A group of disorders that occur when certain blood vessels or nerves are compressed.
A condition in which blood vessels get inflamed, swollen, and blocked with clots.
A condition in which the body overproduces the blood cells that help clotting.
A condition that increases a person's risk of forming clumped masses of blood (clots).
A condition in which a blood clot blocks 1 or more veins, often in the legs.
The development of a mass of clumped blood (blood clot) in a blood vessel.
A blood clot that forms on and remains attached to the wall of a blood vessel.
A cancer in the butterfly-shaped gland at the base of the neck (thyroid).
Any dysfunction of the butterfly-shaped gland at the base of the neck (thyroid).
A lump that forms within the butterfly-shaped gland at the base of the neck (thyroid).
A compulsive, repetitive sound or movement that’s often difficult to control.
A fungal infection of the scalp and hair shafts, often called ringworm of the scalp.
Fungal infection in the skin of the genitals, inner thighs, and buttocks (jock itch).
A fungal infection that usually begins between the toes, also called athlete's foot.
A common fungal infection that causes small, discolored patches of skin.
Ringing or buzzing noise in one or both ears that may be constant or come and go, often associated with hearing loss.
An inflammation of the 2 oval-shaped pads of tissue at the back of the throat.
A lump of calcified material in the fleshy pads at the back of the throat (tonsils).
Pain or inflammation in or around the tooth, often caused by tooth decay or infection.
A rare condition in which the neck muscles contract, causing the head to twist to one side.
A nervous system disorder involving repetitive movements or unwanted sounds.
A rare, life-threatening complication of certain bacterial infections.
A disease that results from infection with the Toxoplasma gondii parasite.
A brief attack, like a stroke, but lasts only minutes and causes no permanent damage.
The rejection of a transplanted organ, limb, or tissue by the immune system.
Brain dysfunction caused by an outside force, usually a violent blow to the head.
An inherited condition in which some bones and tissues in the face aren't developed.
Involuntary shaking or movement, ranging from slight to severe, and commonly affecting hands, legs, face, head, or vocal cords.
A disorder that involves recurrent, irresistible urges to pull out body hair.
A chronic pain condition affecting the trigeminal nerve in the face.
A condition in which a finger gets stuck in a bent position and then snaps straight.
A genetic disorder in which a person has 3 copies of a chromosome instead of 2.
A potentially serious infectious bacterial disease that mainly affects the lungs.
An inherited condition in which noncancerous lesions grow in the body.
A chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin.
A chronic condition that affects the way the body processes blood sugar (glucose).
A bacterial disease spread through contaminated food and water or close contact.
A chronic, inflammatory bowel disease that causes inflammation in the digestive tract.
A condition in which the long nerve in the arm gets compressed or irritated.
A condition in which the intestine protrudes through the abdominal muscles.
Serious new or changed chest pain caused by reduced blood flow to the heart (angina).
Physical discomfort affecting the upper part of the back that may vary from a dull ache to incapacitating pain.
Bleeding in the esophagus, the stomach, or the first part of the small intestine.
A common viral infection that affects the nose, throat, and airways.
A condition involving abnormally high levels of waste products in the blood.
Inflammation of the tube carrying urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.
Loss of bladder control, varying from a slight loss of urine after sneezing, coughing, or laughing to complete inability to control urination.
An infection in any part of the urinary system, the kidneys, bladder, or urethra.
Tightening of uterine muscle fibers that occurs briefly and intermittently throughout pregnancy and more regularly and forcefully during active labor.
Noncancerous growths of the uterus that often appear during the childbearing years.
A mix of fluid and cells from the vagina that varies from whitish and sticky to clear and watery, possibly associated with an odor.
An inflammation of the vagina that can result in discharge, itching, and pain.
Gnarled, enlarged veins, most commonly appearing in the legs and feet.
An inflammation of the blood vessels that causes changes in the blood vessel walls.
A widening of blood vessels, usually near the surface of skin, leading to increased blood flow with flushing or warmth.
A sudden drop in heart rate and blood pressure, often in reaction to a stressful trigger.
A wound on the leg or ankle caused by abnormal or damaged veins.
An irregular heart rhythm that results in a rapid and erratic heartbeat.
A heart defect in which there's an opening in the heart between the lower chambers.
A condition in which the lower chambers of the heart (ventricles) beat very quickly.
A sense that inside the head or the room is spinning, often triggered by changes in head position.
A noncancerous tumor on the main nerve leading from the inner ear to the brain.
An inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
The ability to visually identify forms, letters and symbols at a standardized distance away.
Anemia or nervous system injury from lower than normal amounts of vitamin B-12.
An obstruction due to twisting or knotting of the gastrointestinal tract.
A bleeding disorder caused by low levels of clotting protein in the blood.
A type of cancer that occurs on the outer surface area of female genitals.
Chronic, unexplained pain in the area around the opening of the vagina.
A small, fleshy bump on the skin or mucous membrane caused by human papillomavirus.
A condition that occurs from drinking too much water, upsetting electrolyte balances.
Pounds added to body mass, often resulting from overeating or lack of physical activity.
A neck injury that can occur when the head suddenly moves backward and then forward.
An inherited disorder that causes too much copper to accumulate in the organs.
A syndrome in which an extra electrical pathway in the heart causes a rapid heartbeat.
An injury, damage, or trauma to the body, ranging from minor to life-threatening.
Discomfort in the wrist area, usually caused by injury or long-term conditions.
A deep, involuntary breath of air, most often associated with sleepiness.
A chronic bacterial infection that affects the skin, bone, and cartilage.