Periodontal disease


Periodontal pathology is disease of the gums and tissue supporting the teeth. It starts as a bacteria-laden film on teeth (plaque). It can progress to gum inflammation (gingivitis). Finally, it may lead to a breakdown of the surrounding tissue and bones (periodontitis). Prevention with daily brushing and regular dental checkups is key.

Last Updated Jun 13, 2017

Content from Mayo Clinic ©1998-2020 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). All rights reserved. Terms of Use