Menopause and high blood pressure: What's the connection?

Blood pressure generally goes up after menopause. Some health care providers think changing hormones related to menopause may cause blood pressure to rise. Others think an increase in body mass index (BMI) during menopause may be to blame.

Changes in hormones during menopause can lead to weight gain. The changes also can make blood pressure more sensitive to salt in the diet. When this happens, blood pressure can go up. Some types of hormone therapy for menopause also may lead to higher blood pressure.

To control your blood pressure both before and after menopause, focus on a healthy lifestyle:

  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Eat heart-healthy foods. Choose whole grains, fruits and vegetables.
  • Limit salt and processed foods.
  • Exercise most days of the week.
  • Manage stress.
  • Limit or avoid alcohol.
  • If you smoke, stop.

If necessary, your health care team may suggest medicines to help lower blood pressure.

Last Updated Jul 11, 2023

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